|Appears in Collections:||Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Wild rufous hummingbirds use local landmarks to return to rewarded locations|
|Author(s):||Pritchard, David J|
Scott, Renee D
Healy, Susan D
Hurly, T Andrew
|Citation:||Pritchard DJ, Scott RD, Healy SD & Hurly TA (2016) Wild rufous hummingbirds use local landmarks to return to rewarded locations. Behavioural Processes, 122, pp. 59-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2015.11.004|
|Abstract:||Animals may remember an important location with reference to one or more visual landmarks. In the laboratory, birds and mammals often preferentially use landmarks near a goal (“local landmarks”) to return to that location at a later date. Although we know very little about how animals in the wild use landmarks to remember locations, mammals in the wild appear to prefer to use distant landmarks to return to rewarded locations. To examine what cues wild birds use when returning to a goal, we trained free-living hummingbirds to search for a reward at a location that was speciﬁed by three nearby visual landmarks. Following training we expanded the landmark array to test the extent that the birds relied on the local landmarks to return to the reward. During the test the hummingbirds’ search was best explained by the birds having used the experimental landmarks to remember the reward location. How the birds used the landmarks was not clear and seemed to change over the course of each test. These wild hummingbirds, then, can learn locations in reference to nearby visual landmarks.|
|Rights:||Accepted refereed manuscript of: Pritchard DJ, Scott RD, Healy SD & Hurly TA (2016) Wild rufous hummingbirds use local landmarks to return to rewarded locations. Behavioural Processes, 122, pp. 59--66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.beproc.2015.11.004 © 2015, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/|
|Pritchard-etal-BP-2015.pdf||Fulltext - Accepted Version||509.14 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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