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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Exposure to secondhand smoke in hospitality settings in Ghana: Evidence of changes since implementation of smoke-free legislation
Author(s): Singh, Arti
Okello, Gabriel
Semple, Sean
Dobbie, Fiona
Kinnunen, Tarja I
Lartey, Kwabena F
Logo, Divine D
Bauld, Linda
Ankrah, Sampson T
McNeill, Ann
Owusu-Dabo, Ellis
Keywords: observation
hospitality venues
air quality monitoring
particulate matter
Issue Date: May-2020
Citation: Singh A, Okello G, Semple S, Dobbie F, Kinnunen TI, Lartey KF, Logo DD, Bauld L, Ankrah ST, McNeill A & Owusu-Dabo E (2020) Exposure to secondhand smoke in hospitality settings in Ghana: Evidence of changes since implementation of smoke-free legislation. Tobacco Induced Diseases, 18, Art. No.: 44.
Abstract: Introduction: Ghana has a partial smoking ban with smoking allowed in designated smoking areas. Studies evaluating smoke-free laws are scarce in Sub-Saharan Africa. Evaluation of smoke-free laws is an effective means of measuring progress towards a smoke-free society. This study assessed the level of compliance to the provisions of the current smoke-free policy using air quality measurements for fine particulate matter (PM2.5) in hospitality venues in Ghana. Methods: This was a cross-sectional observational study conducted in 2019 using a structured observational checklist complemented with air quality measurements using Dylos monitors across 152 randomly selected hospitality venues in three large cities in Ghana. Results: Smoking was observed in a third of the venues visited. The median indoor PM2.5 concentration was 14.6 μg/m3 (range: 5.2–349). PM2.5 concentrations were higher in venues where smoking was observed (28.3 μg/m3) compared to venues where smoking was not observed (12.3 μg/m3) (p
DOI Link: 10.18332/tid/120934
Rights: Published by European Publishing. © 2020 Singh A. et al. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. (
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