Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/31161
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: It is about time: Conceptual and experimental evaluation of the temporal cognitive mechanisms in mental time travel
Author(s): Martin-Ordas, Gema
Contact Email: gema.martin-ordas@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: mental travel
time
evolution
great apes
time
Issue Date: Nov-2020
Citation: Martin-Ordas G (2020) It is about time: Conceptual and experimental evaluation of the temporal cognitive mechanisms in mental time travel. Wiley Interdisciplinary Reviews: Cognitive Science, 11 (6), Art. No.: e1530. https://doi.org/10.1002/wcs.1530
Abstract: Mental time travel (MTT) is the ability that allows humans to mentally project themselves backwards in time to remember past events (i.e., episodic memory) or forwards in time to imagine future events (i.e., future thinking). Despite empirical evidence showing that animals might possess MTT abilities, some still claim that this ability is uniquely human. Recent debates have suggested that it is the temporal cognitive mechanism (i.e., ability to represent the sense of past and future) that makes MTT uniquely human. Advances in the field have been constrained by a lack of comparative data, methodological shortcomings that prevent meaningful comparisons, and a lack of clear conceptualizations of the temporal cognitive mechanism. Here I will present a comprehensive review into MTT in humans and animals—with a particular focus on great apes. I will examine three of the most prominent and influential theoretical models of human MTT. Drawing on these accounts, I suggest that a basic way of understanding time might be shared across species, however culture and language will play a critical role at shaping the way we elaborate mental representations about past and future events.
DOI Link: 10.1002/wcs.1530
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Martin‐Ordas, G. It is about time: Conceptual and experimental evaluation of the temporal cognitive mechanisms in mental time travel. WIREs Cogn Sci. 2020; 11:e1530, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1002/wcs.1530. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
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