|Appears in Collections:||Economics Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Date of birth and selective schooling: Some lessons from the 1944 education reforms in England and Wales|
|Author(s):||Hart, Robert A|
|Keywords:||1944 Education Act|
age‐adjusted test scores
date of birth
|Citation:||Hart RA & Moro M (2020) Date of birth and selective schooling: Some lessons from the 1944 education reforms in England and Wales. Scottish Journal of Political Economy. https://doi.org/10.1111/sjpe.12247|
|Abstract:||We compare the probabilities of selective (grammar) school entry in England and Wales before and after the 1944 Education Act. The Act had direct and indirect influences on the costs of grammar education and on entry‐exam coverage, design and marking methodology. Post‐1944, grammar school entry among children born in the middle of the school year improved considerably. We argue that age‐adjusted group standardized testing was an important contributory factor. The youngest pupils remained significantly disadvantaged. We produce evidence that this is consistent with the practice of streaming (tracking) junior school children at age 7 into classes delineated by average ability.|
|Rights:||© 2020 The Authors. Scottish Journal of Political Economy published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Scottish Economic Society This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/), which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.|
|Notes:||Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online|
|sjpe.12247.pdf||Fulltext - Published Version||424.51 kB||Adobe PDF||View/Open|
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