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Appears in Collections:Economics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Date of birth and selective schooling: Some lessons from the 1944 education reforms in England and Wales
Author(s): Hart, Robert A
Moro, Mirko
Keywords: 1944 Education Act
age‐adjusted test scores
class streaming
date of birth
selective schooling
Issue Date: Nov-2020
Citation: Hart RA & Moro M (2020) Date of birth and selective schooling: Some lessons from the 1944 education reforms in England and Wales. Scottish Journal of Political Economy, 67 (5), pp. 523-538.
Abstract: We compare the probabilities of selective (grammar) school entry in England and Wales before and after the 1944 Education Act. The Act had direct and indirect influences on the costs of grammar education and on entry‐exam coverage, design and marking methodology. Post‐1944, grammar school entry among children born in the middle of the school year improved considerably. We argue that age‐adjusted group standardized testing was an important contributory factor. The youngest pupils remained significantly disadvantaged. We produce evidence that this is consistent with the practice of streaming (tracking) junior school children at age 7 into classes delineated by average ability.
DOI Link: 10.1111/sjpe.12247
Rights: © 2020 The Authors. Scottish Journal of Political Economy published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Scottish Economic Society This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution‐NonCommercial‐NoDerivs License (, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non‐commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
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