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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The multidimensionality of female mandrill sociality-A dynamic multiplex network approach
Author(s): Pereira, Andre S
Rebelo, Ines D
Casanova, Catarina
Lee, Phyllis C
Louca, Vasilis
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: Pereira AS, Rebelo ID, Casanova C, Lee PC & Louca V (2020) The multidimensionality of female mandrill sociality-A dynamic multiplex network approach. PLoS ONE, 15 (4), Art. No.: e0230942.
Abstract: The structure and dynamics of primate social groups are shaped by the social relationships of its members. These relationships are based on different types of interactions and vary in relation to the identity of the interactants and over time. Social network analysis tools represent a powerful and comprehensive method to characterise social interactions and recent methodological advances now allow the study of the multidimensionality of sociality via multilayer networks that incorporate multiple types of interactions. Here, we use a multidimensional network approach to investigate the multidimensionality of sociality of females in a captive group of mandrills. We constructed two multiplex networks based on agonistic, proximity and grooming interactions of 6–7 mature females to analyse the multidimensionality of relationships within two independent observation periods; and three multiplex networks (one for each interaction type) to examine how relationships changed between periods. Within each period, different individuals were the most central in each layer and at the multiplex level, and different layers (i.e., interaction types) contributed non-redundant information to the multilayer structure. Across periods, relationships based on the same interaction type also contained non-redundant information. These results indicate that female mandrills engage in multidimensional and dynamic relationships, suggesting that in order to represent the full complexity of relationships, networks need to be constructed from more than a single type of interaction and across time. Our results provide evidence for the potential value of the multilayer network approach to characterise the multidimensionality of primate sociality.
DOI Link: 10.1371/journal.pone.0230942
Rights: © 2020 Pereira et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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