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dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Michaelaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGilligan, Christopher Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKleczkowski, Adamen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHanley, Nicken_UK
dc.contributor.authorWhalley, A Een_UK
dc.contributor.authorHealey, John Ren_UK
dc.description.abstractInvasive pathogens threaten the ability of forests globally to produce a range of valuable ecosystem services over time. However, the ability to detect such pathogen invasions—and thus to produce appropriate and timely management responses—is relatively low. We argue that a promising approach is to plan and manage forests in a way that increases their resilience to invasive pathogens not yet present or ubiquitous in the forest. This paper is based on a systematic search and critical review of empirical evidence of the effect of a wide range of forest management options on the primary and secondary infection rates of forest pathogens, and on subsequent forest recovery. Our goals are to inform forest management decision making to increase forest resilience, and to identify the most important evidence gaps for future research. The management options for which there is the strongest evidence that they increase forest resilience to pathogens are: reduced forest connectivity, removal or treatment of inoculum sources such as cut stumps, reduced tree density, removal of diseased trees and increased tree species diversity. In all cases the effect of these options on infection dynamics differs greatly amongst tree and pathogen species and between forest environments. However, the lack of consistent effects of silvicultural systems or of thinning, pruning or coppicing treatments is notable. There is also a lack of evidence of how the effects of treatments are influenced by the scale at which they are applied, e.g., the mixture of tree species. An overall conclusion is that forest managers often need to trade-off increased resilience to tree pathogens against other benefits obtained from forests.en_UK
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_UK
dc.relationRoberts M, Gilligan CA, Kleczkowski A, Hanley N, Whalley AE & Healey JR (2020) The Effect of Forest Management Options on Forest Resilience to Pathogens. Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, 3, Art. No.: 7.
dc.rights© 2020 Roberts, Gilligan, Kleczkowski, Hanley, Whalley and Healey. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY - The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.en_UK
dc.subjecttree diseaseen_UK
dc.subjectforest managementen_UK
dc.subjectinvasive speciesen_UK
dc.subjectspecies diversityen_UK
dc.titleThe Effect of Forest Management Options on Forest Resilience to Pathogensen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleFrontiers in Forests and Global Changeen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderNatural Environment Research Councilen_UK
dc.contributor.funderForestry Commission (Scotland)en_UK
dc.contributor.funderEconomic and Social Research Councilen_UK
dc.contributor.funderDepartment for Environment Food & Rural Affairsen_UK
dc.contributor.funderBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Councilen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of St Andrewsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Cambridgeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of St Andrewsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Warwicken_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBangor Universityen_UK
Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles

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