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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Gender Differences in the First Impressions of Autistic Adults
Author(s): Cage, Eilidh
Burton, Holly
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Keywords: first impressions
social evaluation
autistic adults
gender differences
Issue Date: Oct-2019
Citation: Cage E & Burton H (2019) Gender Differences in the First Impressions of Autistic Adults. Autism Research, 12 (10), pp. 1495-1504.
Abstract: Prior research has shown that less favourable first impressions are formed of autistic adults by non‐autistic observers. Autistic females may present differently to autistic males and could engage in more camouflaging behaviours, which could affect these first impressions. However, research has not yet tested for gender differences in the first impressions of autistic adults. In the current study, non‐autistic observers (n = 205) viewed either 10‐sec video clips or text transcripts in the context of a mock job interview by 10 autistic females and 10 autistic males, matched to 10 non‐autistic females and 10 non‐autistic males. They then rated each stimulus on personality traits (e.g., awkwardness) and behavioural intentions (e.g., “I would start a conversation with this person”). Non‐autistic observers were blind to diagnostic status of the individuals in either modality. Results showed that first impressions were less favourable overall of autistic adults in the video modality. Furthermore, autistic females were rated more favourably than autistic males in the video modality across most traits—but autistic females were also rated less favourably than both non‐autistic females and males. Some judgements were also made in the text modality, whereby more favourable first impressions were made of autistic males on the basis of speech content. Understanding the first impressions that both autistic females and males make has important implications for diagnostic services and employment prospects.
DOI Link: 10.1002/aur.2191
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Cage, E. and Burton, H. (2019), Gender Differences in the First Impressions of Autistic Adults. Autism Research, 12: 1495-1504, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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