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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Understanding the Reasons, Contexts and Costs of Camouflaging for Autistic Adults
Author(s): Cage, Eilidh
Troxell-Whitman, Zoe
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Keywords: Camouflaging
Mental health
Autistic adults
Gender differences
Issue Date: 15-May-2019
Citation: Cage E & Troxell-Whitman Z (2019) Understanding the Reasons, Contexts and Costs of Camouflaging for Autistic Adults. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 49 (5), pp. 1899-1911.
Abstract: Camouflaging entails ‘masking’ in or ‘passing’ social situations. Research suggests camouflaging behaviours are common in autistic people, and may negatively impact mental health. To enhance understanding of camouflaging, this study examined reasons, contexts and costs of camouflaging. 262 autistic people completed measures of camouflaging behaviours, camouflaging contexts (e.g. work vs. family), camouflaging reasons (e.g. to make friends) and mental health symptoms. Findings indicated a gender difference in reasons for camouflaging, with autistic women more likely to endorse “conventional” reasons (e.g. getting by in formal settings such as work). Both camouflaging highly across contexts and ‘switching’ between camouflaging in some contexts but not in others, related to poorer mental health. These findings have implications for understanding camouflaging in autistic adults.
DOI Link: 10.1007/s10803-018-03878-x
Rights: This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.
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