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Appears in Collections:Psychology eTheses
Title: Psychological factors associated with walking in patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease
Author(s): Cunningham, Margaret
Supervisor(s): Swanson, Vivien
O'Carroll, Ronan
Keywords: illness representations
behaviour change intervention
intermittent claudication
Issue Date: 26-Nov-2010
Publisher: University of Stirling
Citation: Cunningham M, Swanson V, O'Carroll R, Holdsworth R (2010) Increasing walking in patients with intermittent claudication: Protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, 10,49.
Abstract: Objectives This thesis aimed to explore psychological factors associated with walking behaviour in patients with Peripheral Arterial Disease, within the framework of Leventhal et al’s (1998) Common-sense Model of Self-regulation of Health and Illness. The objective was to identify psychological factors which could be modified to increase walking behaviour in these patients. Method A series of three studies were conducted to achieve these aims. The first study was an exploratory qualitative study, to explore the illness and treatment beliefs and walking behaviour of patients with intermittent claudication. The second study was a cross-sectional postal questionnaire to a cohort of patients with intermittent claudication, which tested the influence of the psychological factors identified in the qualitative study, in a larger sample. The final study was a randomised controlled trial of a brief psychological intervention designed to modify the illness and walking beliefs of patients with intermittent claudication, in order to increase walking behaviour. Results Beliefs about intermittent claudication, and beliefs about walking were both found to be associated with walking behaviour in the qualitative study. The results from the cross-sectional postal questionnaire confirmed this relationship – taken as a set, illness and walking beliefs accurately predicted adherence to minimum walking levels for 93.4% of the sample. The brief psychological intervention successfully modified illness and treatment beliefs and increased walking behaviour in patients newly diagnosed with intermittent claudication. Conclusion This thesis highlights the importance of illness and walking beliefs to the walking behaviour of patients with intermittent claudication. The thesis has added to the body of knowledge about intermittent claudication, and the findings of this thesis have implications for the treatment of patients with intermittent claudication within the health service. Theoretical and clinical implications of this research are discussed.
Type: Thesis or Dissertation
Affiliation: School of Natural Sciences

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