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dc.contributor.authorZhang, Wenboen_UK
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Minen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSadovy de Mitcheson, Yvonneen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCao, Lingen_UK
dc.contributor.authorLeadbitter, Duncanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorNewton, Richarden_UK
dc.contributor.authorLittle, David Cen_UK
dc.contributor.authorLi, Songlinen_UK
dc.contributor.authorYang, Yien_UK
dc.contributor.authorChen, Xiaoen_UK
dc.contributor.authorZhou, Weien_UK
dc.description.abstractChina is the world's largest capture fisheries and aquaculture producer. Over recent decades, China's domestic marine catch composition has changed markedly, from large volumes of a few high‐valued food species to multiple, small, low‐valued, species, a significant proportion of which is primarily used as animal, especially fish, feed. Despite the growing volume and economic importance of the feed catches, their species composition, catch volumes and socio‐environmental impacts are all poorly understood. Based on a nationwide survey of >800 fishing vessels, and the identification and measurement of >12,000 fish and invertebrate individuals, the present study provides an overview of the feed component of China's domestic marine catch, by volumes, species and sizes, and found it to be substantial and biologically unsustainable. Half of the trawler catch (3 million metric tons, mmt), or 35% of the total catch (4.6 mmt) in China's exclusive economic zone, are now comprised of low‐valued “feed‐grade fish”. The present study identified 218 fish species, 50 crustaceans and five cephalopods, and of these, 102 fish species were food species with 89% individuals in their juvenile size ranges. Feed‐grade fish were mainly used as aquaculture feed directly, or indirectly, through the feed industry after reduction to fishmeal and fish oil. The unparalleled scale and poor fisheries resource condition of China's domestic marine fisheries, in parallel with severe overfishing of juveniles, creates a demand for fundamental changes to fishery management practices, including a significant reduction of fishing effort to ensure productivity and ecosystem resilience.en_UK
dc.relationZhang W, Liu M, Sadovy de Mitcheson Y, Cao L, Leadbitter D, Newton R, Little DC, Li S, Yang Y, Chen X & Zhou W (2020) Fishing for feed in China: Facts, impacts and implications. Fish and Fisheries, 21 (1), pp. 47-62.
dc.rightsThis item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Zhang, W, Liu, M, Sadovy de Mitcheson, Y, et al. Fishing for feed in China: Facts, impacts and implications. Fish Fish. 2020; 21: 47– 62, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.en_UK
dc.subjectfeed‐grade fishen_UK
dc.subjectmultispecies fisheriesen_UK
dc.subjecttrash fishen_UK
dc.titleFishing for feed in China: Facts, impacts and implicationsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Manuscript - Fishing for feed in China facts impacts and implications.pdf] Publisher requires embargo of 12 months after formal publication.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleFish and Fisheriesen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationShanghai Ocean Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationXiamen Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Hong Kongen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationShanghai Jiao Tong Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Wollongongen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Aquacultureen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Aquacultureen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationShanghai Ocean Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationGreenpeace Internationalen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSouth China Agricultural Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationGreenpeace Internationalen_UK
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles

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