Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/30316
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dc.contributor.authorCrockford, Catherineen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFedurek, Pawelen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWittig, Roman M.en_UK
dc.contributor.authorTkaczynski, Patricken_UK
dc.contributor.authorZuberbühler, Klausen_UK
dc.contributor.authorAsiimwe, Carolineen_UK
dc.contributor.authorLowe, Adriana E.en_UK
dc.contributor.authorHobaiter, Catherineen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDijrian, Appolinaire Gnaheen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSamuni, Liranen_UK
dc.date.accessioned2019-10-24T00:01:06Z-
dc.date.available2019-10-24T00:01:06Z-
dc.date.issued2019-10-05en_UK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/30316-
dc.description.abstractMaternal cannibalism has been reported in several animal taxa, prompting speculations that the behavior may be part of an evolved strategy. In chimpanzees, however, maternal cannibalism has been conspicuously absent, despite high levels of infant mortality and reports of non-maternal cannibalism. The typical response of chimpanzee mothers is to abandon their deceased infant, sometimes after prolonged periods of carrying and grooming the corpse. Here, we report two anomalous observations of maternal cannibalism in communities of wild chimpanzees in Uganda and Ivory Coast and discuss the evolutionary implications. Both infants likely died under different circumstances; one apparently as a result of premature birth, the other possibly as a result of infanticide. In both cases, the mothers consumed parts of the corpse and participated in meat sharing with other group members. Neither female presented any apparent signs of ill health before or after the events. We concluded that, in both cases, cannibalizing the infant was unlikely due to health-related issues by the mothers. We discuss these observations against a background of chimpanzee mothers consistently refraining from maternal cannibalism, despite ample opportunities and nutritional advantages. We conclude that maternal cannibalism is extremely rare in this primate, likely due to early and strong mother–offspring bond formation, which may have been profoundly disrupted in the current cases.en_UK
dc.language.isoenen_UK
dc.publisherSpringer Science and Business Media LLCen_UK
dc.relationCrockford C, Fedurek P, Wittig RM, Tkaczynski P, Zuberbühler K, Asiimwe C, Lowe AE, Hobaiter C, Dijrian AG & Samuni L (2019) Maternal cannibalism in two populations of wild chimpanzees. Primates. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10329-019-00765-6en_UK
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2019 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.en_UK
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/en_UK
dc.subjectAnimal Science and Zoologyen_UK
dc.subjectCannibalismen_UK
dc.subjectChimpanzeeen_UK
dc.subjectMaternal cannibalismen_UK
dc.subjectParental investmenten_UK
dc.titleMaternal cannibalism in two populations of wild chimpanzeesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10329-019-00765-6en_UK
dc.identifier.pmid31587157en_UK
dc.citation.jtitlePrimatesen_UK
dc.citation.issn1610-7365en_UK
dc.citation.issn0032-8332en_UK
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublisheden_UK
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereeden_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.author.emailm.k.lau@stir.ac.uken_UK
dc.citation.date05/10/2019en_UK
dc.description.notesOutput Status: Forthcoming/Available Onlineen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationPsychologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBudongo Conservation Field Stationen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBudongo Conservation Field Stationen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBudongo Conservation Field Stationen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBudongo Conservation Field Stationen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropologyen_UK
dc.identifier.wtid1460047en_UK
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-6902-708Xen_UK
dc.date.accepted2019-09-25en_UK
dc.description.refREF Compliant by Deposit in Stirling's Repositoryen_UK
dc.date.filedepositdate2019-10-23en_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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