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dc.contributor.authorStephens, Lucasen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFuller, Dorianen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBoivin, Nicoleen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRick, Torbenen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGauthier, Nicolasen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKay, Andreaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMarwick, Benen_UK
dc.contributor.authorArmstrong, Chelsey Geralda Deniseen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBarton, C Michaelen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDenham, Timen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDouglass, Kristinaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDriver, Jonathanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorJanz, Lisaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSimpson, Ian Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Patricken_UK
dc.description.abstractEnvironmentally transformative human use of land accelerated with the emergence of agriculture, but the extent, trajectory, and implications of these early changes are not well understood. An empirical global assessment of land use from 10,000 years before the present (yr B.P.) to 1850 CE reveals a planet largely transformed by hunter-gatherers, farmers, and pastoralists by 3000 years ago, considerably earlier than the dates in the land-use reconstructions commonly used by Earth scientists. Synthesis of knowledge contributed by more than 250 archaeologists highlighted gaps in archaeological expertise and data quality, which peaked for 2000 yr B.P. and in traditionally studied and wealthier regions. Archaeological reconstruction of global land-use history illuminates the deep roots of Earth’s transformation and challenges the emerging Anthropocene paradigm that large-scale anthropogenic global environmental change is mostly a recent phenomenon.en_UK
dc.publisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)en_UK
dc.relationStephens L, Fuller D, Boivin N, Rick T, Gauthier N, Kay A, Marwick B, Armstrong CGD, Barton CM, Denham T, Douglass K, Driver J, Janz L, Simpson IA & Roberts P (2019) Archaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land use. Science, 365 (6456), pp. 897-902.
dc.rightsThis is the author’s version of the work. It is posted here by permission of the AAAS for personal use, not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in Science on 30 Aug 2019, 365(6456), DOI: 10.1126/science.aax1192.en_UK
dc.titleArchaeological assessment reveals Earth's early transformation through land useen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.funderNational Science Foundationen_UK
dc.description.notesAdditional co-authors: J. Daniel Rogers, Heather Thakar, Mark Altaweel, Amber L. Johnson, Maria Marta Sampietro Vattuone, Mark Aldenderfer, Sonia Archila, Gilberto Artioli, Martin T. Bale, Timothy Beach, Ferran Borrell, Todd Braje, Philip I. Buckland, Nayeli Guadalupe Jiménez Cano, José M. Capriles, Agustín Diez Castillo, Çiler Çilingiroğlu, Michelle Negus Cleary, James Conolly, Peter R. Coutros, R. Alan Covey, Mauro Cremaschi, Alison Crowther, Lindsay Der, Savino di Lernia, John F. Doershuk, William E. Doolittle, Kevin J. Edwards, Jon M. Erlandson, Damian Evans, Andrew Fairbairn, Patrick Faulkner, Gary Feinman, Ricardo Fernandes, Scott M. Fitzpatrick, Ralph Fyfe, Elena Garcea, Steve Goldstein, Reed Charles Goodman, Jade Dalpoim Guedes, Jason Herrmann, Peter Hiscock, Peter Hommel, K. Ann Horsburgh, Carrie Hritz, John W. Ives, Aripekka Junno, Jennifer G. Kahn, Brett Kaufman, Catherine Kearns, Tristram R. Kidder, François Lanoë, Dan Lawrence, Gyoung-Ah Lee, Maureece J. Levin, Henrik B. Lindskoug, José Antonio López-Sáez, Scott Macrae, Rob Marchant, John M. Marston, Sarah McClure, Mark D. McCoy, Alicia Ventresca Miller, Michael Morrison, Giedre Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, Johannes Müller, Ayushi Nayak, Sofwan Noerwidi, Tanya M. Peres, Christian E. Peterson, Lucas Proctor, Asa R. Randall, Steve Renette, Gwen Robbins Schug, Krysta Ryzewski, Rakesh Saini, Vivian Scheinsohn, Peter Schmidt, Pauline Sebillaud, Oula Seitsonen, Arkadiusz Sołtysiak, Robert J. Speakman, Robert N. Spengler, Martina L. Steffen, Michael J. Storozum, Keir M. Strickland, Jessica Thompson, T. L. Thurston, Sean Ulm, M. Cemre Ustunkaya, Martin H. Welker, Catherine West, Patrick Ryan Williams, David K. Wright, Nathan Wright, Muhammad Zahir, Andrea Zerboni, Ella Beaudoin, Santiago Munevar Garcia, Jeremy Powell, Alexa Thornton, Jed O. Kaplan, Marie-José Gaillard, Kees Klein Goldewijk, Erle Ellisen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Marylanden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity College Londonen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for the Science of Human Historyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationArizona State Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for the Science of Human Historyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Washingtonen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationArizona State Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationAustralian National Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationPenn State Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSimon Fraser Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationTrent Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for the Science of Human Historyen_UK
dc.description.refREF Compliant by Deposit in Stirling's Repositoryen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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