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dc.contributor.authorHeinicke, Stefanieen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMundry, Rogeren_UK
dc.contributor.authorBoesch, Christopheen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHockings, Kimberley Jen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKormos, Rebeccaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorNdiaye, Papa Ibnouen_UK
dc.contributor.authorTweh, Clement Gen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWilliamson, Elizabeth Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKühl, Hjalmar Sen_UK
dc.description.abstractAs animal populations continue to decline, frequently driven by large‐scale land‐use change, there is a critical need for improved environmental planning. While data‐driven spatial planning is widely applied in conservation, as of yet it is rarely used for primates. The western chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes verus) declined by 80% within 24 years and was uplisted to Critically Endangered by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species in 2016. To support conservation planning for western chimpanzees, we systematically identified geographic areas important for this taxon. We based our analysis on a previously published data set of modeled density distribution and on several scenarios that accounted for different spatial scales and conservation targets. Across all scenarios, typically less than one‐third of areas we identified as important are currently designated as high‐level protected areas (i.e., national park or IUCN category I or II). For example, in the scenario for protecting 50% of all chimpanzees remaining in West Africa (i.e., approximately 26,500 chimpanzees), an area of approximately 60,000 km2 was selected (i.e., approximately 12% of the geographic range), only 24% of which is currently designated as protected areas. The derived maps can be used to inform the geographic prioritization of conservation interventions, including protected area expansion, “no‐go‐zones” for industry and infrastructure, and conservation sites outside the protected area network. Environmental guidelines by major institutions funding infrastructure and resource extraction projects explicitly require corporations to minimize the negative impact on great apes. Therefore, our results can inform avoidance and mitigation measures during the planning phases of such projects. This study was designed to inform future stakeholder consultation processes that could ultimately integrate the conservation of western chimpanzees with national land‐use priorities. Our approach may help in promoting similar work for other primate taxa to inform systematic conservation planning in times of growing threats.en_UK
dc.relationHeinicke S, Mundry R, Boesch C, Hockings KJ, Kormos R, Ndiaye PI, Tweh CG, Williamson EA & Kühl HS (2019) Towards systematic and evidence-based conservation planning for western chimpanzees. American Journal of Primatology, 81 (9), Art. No.: e23042.
dc.rights© 2019 The Authors. American Journal of Primatology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.en_UK
dc.subjectPan troglodytes verusen_UK
dc.subjectspatial planningen_UK
dc.subjectspatial prioritizationen_UK
dc.subjectsystematic conservation planningen_UK
dc.subjectWest Africaen_UK
dc.subjectwestern chimpanzeeen_UK
dc.titleTowards systematic and evidence-based conservation planning for western chimpanzeesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleAmerican Journal of Primatologyen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderRobert Bosch Stiftungen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Exeteren_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of California, Berkeleyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCheikh Anta Diop University of Dakaren_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationWild Chimpanzee Foundationen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropologyen_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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