Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/30050
Appears in Collections:Law and Philosophy Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Pre-Authorization: A Novel Decision-Making Heuristic That May Promote Autonomy
Author(s): Felsen, Gidon
Niker, Fay
Reiner, Peter B.
Contact Email: fay.niker@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Heuristic
Autonomy
Decision making
Issue Date: 3-May-2016
Citation: Felsen G, Niker F & Reiner PB (2016) Pre-Authorization: A Novel Decision-Making Heuristic That May Promote Autonomy. The American Journal of Bioethics, 16 (5), pp. 27-29. https://doi.org/10.1080/15265161.2016.1159761
Abstract: First paragraphs: While the nature of autonomy has been debated for centuries, recent scholarship has been re-examining our conception(s) of autonomy in light of findings from the behavioral, cognitive, and neural sciences (Felsen and Reiner 2011; Blumenthal-Barby 2016). Blumenthal-Barby’s target article provides us with a timely and helpful framework for thinking about this issue in a systematic way, specifically in relation to the wide range of cognitive biases and heuristics that we employ in our decision making. Building on this, we wish to expand the framework beyond the article’s focus on the threat posed by biases and heuristics by suggesting that it is possible for at least some heuristics to promote autonomy. We hope to demonstrate this point by introducing the conceptual framework for a novel heuristic that we call pre-authorization. Blumenthal-Barby argues that biases and heuristics “pose a serious threat to autonomous decision-making and human agency” and that, consequently, efforts should be made to remove, mitigate, or counter them. While recognizing the autonomy-threatening potential of these ‘fast thinking’ mechanisms, as well as agreeing with the author about the types of cases in which this potential is likely to be actualized, we suggest that it does not capture the full range of interactions that are relevant to a balanced assessment of their impact on autonomy. If, as is widely acknowledged, at least some heuristics are adaptive responses to particular real-world decision-making situations (Gigerenzer 2008), the issue at hand becomes elucidating whether, and under what conditions, the cognitive influence of any particular heuristic is autonomy-threatening, autonomy-preserving, or even autonomy-promoting. Blumenthal-Barby focuses on the first of these categories; and, with respect to the component of absence of controlling or alienating influence, she contends that if the person’s attitude towards the influence is one of feeling controlled or alienated from her decision on account of the workings of a cognitive bias or heuristic, her autonomy is diminished
DOI Link: 10.1080/15265161.2016.1159761
Rights: [Niker_OPC_on_JBB-final.pdf] This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis Group in The American Journal of Bioethics on 3 May 2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/15265161.2016.1159761
[Pre-authorization_A_novel_decision-making-heuristic.pdf] This item has been embargoed. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.
Licence URL(s): https://storre.stir.ac.uk/STORREEndUserLicence.pdf

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Niker_OPC_on_JBB-final.pdfFulltext - Accepted Version396.56 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Pre-authorization_A_novel_decision-making-heuristic.pdfFulltext - Published Version293.4 kBAdobe PDFUnder Permanent Embargo    Request a copy



This item is protected by original copyright



Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.