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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: An application of caricature: how to improve the recognition of facial composites
Author(s): Frowd, Charlie D
Bruce, Vicki
Ross, David
McIntyre, Alex H
Hancock, Peter J B
Keywords: Caricature
Facial composites
Face perception
Face Physiology
Issue Date: Nov-2007
Date Deposited: 6-Mar-2008
Citation: Frowd CD, Bruce V, Ross D, McIntyre AH & Hancock PJB (2007) An application of caricature: how to improve the recognition of facial composites. Visual Cognition, 15 (8), pp. 954-984.
Abstract: Facial caricatures exaggerate the distinctive features of a face and may elevate the recognition of a familiar face. We investigate whether the recognition of facial composites, or pictures of criminal faces, could be similarly enhanced. In this study, participants first estimated the degree of caricature necessary to make composites most identifiable. Contrary to expectation, an anti-caricature was found to be best, presumably as this tended to reduce the appearance of errors. In support of this explanation, more positive caricature estimates were assigned to morphed composites: representations which tend to contain less overall error. In addition, anti-caricaturing reduced identification for morphed composites but enhanced identification for individual composites. While such improvements were too small to be of value to law enforcement, a sizeable naming benefit was observed when presenting a range of caricature states, which appeared to capitalise on individual differences in the internal representation of familiar faces.
DOI Link: 10.1080/13506280601058951
Rights: Published in Visual cognition by Taylor & Francis (Psychology Press).

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