Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/294
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dc.contributor.authorO'Carroll, Ronanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRussell, Hamish Hen_UK
dc.contributor.authorLawrie, Stephen Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorJohnstone, Eve Cen_UK
dc.date.accessioned2012-09-03T18:59:02Z-
dc.date.available2012-09-03T18:59:02Z-
dc.date.issued1999en_UK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/294-
dc.description.abstractBackground. In recent years, evidence has accumulated that a significant proportion of schizophrenic patients have severe memory impairment, which cannot be attributed to the effects of medication, chronicity or institutionalization. Our group has demonstrated that memory impairment is associated with poor psychosocial outcome and treatment resistance. Work on the classical amnesic syndrome has suggested that memory training is facilitated by adopting an ‘errorless learning’ approach, where subjects do not experience failure during learning. This is based on the theory that the preserved implicit memory of amnesic patients results in implicitly remembered incorrect responses interfering with target items, in the absence of a functioning explicit memory system to allow differentiation. Method. We compared three groups of subjects, memory-impaired schizophrenic patients, memory unimpaired schizophrenic patients and healthy controls. Results. An errorless learning approach conferred a significant advantage on the memory-impaired schizophrenic group, bringing their performance up to the level of both control groups. In contrast, adopting a traditional trial and error, or errorful approach resulted in markedly impaired performance in the memory-impaired schizophrenic group only. Conclusions. We conclude that errorless learning approaches may be worthy of further evaluation in the cognitive rehabilitation of memory-impaired schizophrenic patients.en_UK
dc.language.isoenen_UK
dc.publisherCambridge University Pressen_UK
dc.relationO'Carroll R, Russell HH, Lawrie SM & Johnstone EC (1999) Errorless learning and the cognitive rehabilitation of memory-impaired schizophrenic patients, Psychological Medicine, 29 (1), pp. 105-112. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0033291798007673.en_UK
dc.rightsPublished in Psychological Medicine. Copyright: Cambridge University Press.en_UK
dc.subjectSchizophrenics Memory disordersen_UK
dc.subjectSchizophrenics Training of the memory Case studiesen_UK
dc.titleErrorless learning and the cognitive rehabilitation of memory-impaired schizophrenic patientsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.identifier.doi10.1017/S0033291798007673en_UK
dc.citation.jtitlePsychological Medicineen_UK
dc.citation.issn1469-8978en_UK
dc.citation.issn0033-2917en_UK
dc.citation.volume29en_UK
dc.citation.issue1en_UK
dc.citation.spage105en_UK
dc.citation.epage112en_UK
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublisheden_UK
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereeden_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.citation.date08/09/2000en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationPsychologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stirlingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Edinburghen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Edinburghen_UK
dc.identifier.scopusid2-s2.0-0032897241en_UK
dc.identifier.wtid809203en_UK
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0002-5130-291Xen_UK
dc.date.firstcompliantdepositdate2008-03-06en_UK
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles

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