Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Narratives for Lengyel funerary practice
Author(s): Regenye, Judit
Bánffy, Eszter
Demján, Peter
Ebert, Julia
Osztás, Anett
Bronk Ramsey, Christopher
Dunbar, Elaine
Friedrich, Ronny
Bayliss, Alexandra
Beavan, Nancy
Gaydarska, Bisserka
Whittle, Alasdair
Contact Email:
Keywords: Neolithic
Lengyel culture
funerary practice
funerary pottery chronology
István Zalai-Gaál
correspondence analysis
Bayesian chronological modelling
radiocarbon dating
Issue Date: 2020
Citation: Regenye J, Bánffy E, Demján P, Ebert J, Osztás A, Bronk Ramsey C, Dunbar E, Friedrich R, Bayliss A, Beavan N, Gaydarska B & Whittle A (2020) Narratives for Lengyel funerary practice. Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission, 97 2016 (2020), pp. 5-80.
Abstract: This paper, dedicated to the memory of István Zalai-Gaál, presents formally modelled date estimates for the sequence of Lengyel funerary pottery in western Hungary, eastern Austria and south-west Slovakia. It is an extension of the dating and modelling already carried out by the project, The Times of Their Lives (ToTL), on the major Lengyel aggregation, including burials, at Alsónyék-Bátaszék in south-east Transdanubia. Key aspects of the Lengyel culture and its research history are discussed, including the challenges of establishing its sequence with greater precision and of affirming its significance in wider Neolithic narratives. The many contributions of István Zalai-Gaál are noted. Results from Alsónyék are summarised. The present study concentrates on furnished Lengyel graves, using the analysis of Lengyel funerary pottery from western Hungary, eastern Austria and south-west Slovakia. A full catalogue of the 121 pot types identified by István Zalai-Gaál is presented, and correspondence analysis of the occurrence of 113 of these types in 247 graves suggests a seriation for these grave-assemblages. The new radiocarbon dating programme for the sequence of Lengyel funerary pottery was designed within the framework of Bayesian chronological modelling. We aimed to provide formal date estimates for the use of different pot types and for their combinations in different phases of the seriation. We also aimed to estimate the period during which furnished Lengyel burial occurred, the pace of its introduction and demise, the date and duration of use of individual cemeteries, and the intensity of Lengyel funerary practice through time. In addition to the 159 radiocarbon measurements from 141 graves at Alsónyék (29 of which appear in the correspondence analyses presented here), 91 radiocarbon measurements are reported from 57 graves across the Lengyel distribution under discussion, all but 16 achieved by the ToTL project. These provide three chronological models for the sequence of Lengyel furnished burials: one based on the chronology of individual cemeteries and other contexts; another combining the seriation based on István Zalai-Gaál’s typology with the radiocarbon dates; and the third combining the seriation previously suggested by Diaconescu (2014a) with the radiocarbon dates. Details of the models, and of dietary analysis to investigate the possibility of offsets, are described. Lengyel furnished burial appears to have emerged rapidly, probably during the course of the 49th century cal BC, across the whole area in question (although the bulk of the earliest burials may have been in the north). Furnished burial increased in popularity in south-east Transdanubia during the 48th century cal BC, although there was a decline in the practice further north at this time. Furnished Lengyel burial appears to have become less frequent after c. 4600 cal BC, although the practice finally ended in the second half of the 46th century cal BC. Implications for the character of Lengyel communities and wider narratives of Lengyel development as a whole are discussed.
DOI Link: 10.11588/berrgk.2016.0.76630
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Bericht der Römisch-Germanischen Kommission Bd. 97. 2016 (2020) by Römisch-Germanischen Kommission. The original publication is available at:

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Greater_Lengyel_sites.oxcal _ Supplementary Table 4.txtSupporting Information9.15 kBTextView/Open
Greater_Lengyel_Diaconescu_outlier_3_phase.oxcal_Supplementary Table 6.txtSupporting Information5.2 kBTextView/Open
Lengyel_seriation_outlier_3_phase.oxcal_Supplementary Table 5.txtSupporting Information8.73 kBTextView/Open
2019 figs.pdfSupporting Information4.65 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
Supplementary Table 1 in Word.pdfSupporting Information190.69 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
incidence_matrix_2_Supplementary Table 3.xlsxSupporting Information21.85 kBUnknownView/Open
incidence_matrix_1_Supplementary Table 2.xlsxSupporting Information22.83 kBUnknownView/Open
Greater_Lengyel_v45a resubmitted black and white.pdfFulltext - Accepted Version876.27 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.