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dc.contributor.authorThapa, Shovaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorChapman, Daniel Sen_UK
dc.description.abstractRepeated biomass harvesting for human livelihood needs can cause significant changes in forest structure, composition and diversity. Such impacts have often been associated with the distance to villages and their size, but the effects of individual villages in relation to their characteristics have been little studied. Focussing on the issues around communities’ impacts on the forest, this research aimed to understand how resource extraction by two Buffer Zone villages in Nepal's Bardia National Park affects forest structure and diversity. Tree density, basal area, diameter at breast height (DBH), species richness, two diversity indices and disturbance indices were recorded in 108 plots in 12 transects, from March till May 2005, within the park along the village boundaries, where resource extraction occurs, and in the core park area which is isolated from human disturbance. Forest subject to resource extraction had a lower density of trees, smaller DBH and lower species richness and diversity. Forest disturbance declined with distance from the villages but the two villages differed widely in their impact on the forest. Resource use was more intensive in Shivapur village and percentage of trees lopped, average lopping intensity and numbers of dung piles were statistically significant. This was mainly due to the lack of access to Buffer Zone community Forest for Shivapur households. Interviews with villagers suggested that there have been changes in species availability compared to 5 years ago. Households also underestimated the impact of their resource extraction, which may prevent them from changing their behaviour to benefit conservation. It is clear that understanding rural communities’ needs, their framing of resource extraction and utilisation, and dependence on forest resources will be very helpful for long term conservation measures.en_UK
dc.relationThapa S & Chapman DS (2010) Impacts of resource extraction on forest structure and diversity in Bardia National Park, Nepal. Forest Ecology and Management, 259 (3), pp. 641-649.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectBiomass extractionen_UK
dc.subjectForest structureen_UK
dc.subjectHuman useen_UK
dc.subjectProtected areasen_UK
dc.titleImpacts of resource extraction on forest structure and diversity in Bardia National Park, Nepalen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Impacts of resource extraction on forest structure and diversity in Bardia National.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleForest Ecology and Managementen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderWWF Internationalen_UK
dc.contributor.funderNatural Environment Research Councilen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Sussexen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCentre for Ecology & Hydrologyen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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