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dc.contributor.authorTurner, Rachel Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCakacaka, Akuilaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGraham, Nicholas A Jen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPolunin, Nicholas V Cen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPratchett, Morgan Sen_UK
dc.contributor.authorStead, Selina Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Shaun Ken_UK
dc.description.abstractDegraded coral reef ecosystems yield limited goods and services, which is expected to have significant socio-economic impacts on isolated tropical island communities with strong reliance on coral reefs. This study investigates socio-economic changes, specifically in fresh fish consumption and fishing activities, associated with environmental degradation at five fishing grounds (qoliqoli) in the Lau Islands (Fiji). Semi-structured interviews with fishers and senior household members revealed that the importance of fishing was low relative to other occupations, and consumption of fresh fish has declined over the last decade. Reduced fishing and choice of fresh fish is lamely attributable to an increased need to derive income as well as new income-generating opportunities. A possible consequence of reduced reliance on marine resources was limited awareness of recent environmental degradation caused by climate-induced coral bleaching and outbreaks of coral-feeding crown-of-thorns starfish. Limited use and reduced awareness of the local marine environment in the short term may erode social memory and local ecological knowledge, reducing opportunities to fall back on marine resources. This may also compromise long-term economic and social stability. Conversely, low reliance on marine resources may confer greater flexibility to adapt to future ecological change in the marine environment. Importantly, changes in fish consumption and exploitation of marine resources were linked to socio-economic factors rather than a consequence of recent degradation of marine environments. Greater knowledge of the dynamics driving change in marine resource use is necessary to understand how societies respond to ecological and socio-economic change, and to identify opportunities for adaptive sustainable ecosystem management.en_UK
dc.relationTurner RA, Cakacaka A, Graham NAJ, Polunin NVC, Pratchett MS, Stead SM & Wilson SK (2007) Declining reliance on marine resources in remote South Pacific societies: Ecological versus socio-economic drivers. Coral Reefs, 26 (4), pp. 997-1008.
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectFishing practicesen_UK
dc.subjectCoral reefsen_UK
dc.subjectSocial-ecological systemsen_UK
dc.subjectSocio-economic driversen_UK
dc.subjectEnvironmental changeen_UK
dc.titleDeclining reliance on marine resources in remote South Pacific societies: Ecological versus socio-economic driversen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[Turner2007_Article_DecliningRelianceOnMarineResou.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleCoral Reefsen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of the South Pacificen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationJames Cook Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute of Aquacultureen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles

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