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dc.contributor.authorMalone, Carolineen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCutajar, Nathanielen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMcLaughlin, T Rowanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMercieca-Spiteri, Bernardetteen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPace, Anthonyen_UK
dc.contributor.authorPower, Ronikaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorStoddart, Simonen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSultana, Sharonen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBronk Ramsey, Christopheren_UK
dc.contributor.authorDunbar, Elaineen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBayliss, Alexen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHealy, Francesen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWhittle, Alasdairen_UK
dc.description.abstractBayesian chronological modelling of radiocarbon dates from the Brochtorff Circle at Xagħra, Gozo, Malta (achieved through the ToTL and FRAGSUS projects), provides a more precise chronology for the sequence of development and use of a cave complex. Artefacts show that the site was in use from the Żebbuġ period of the late 5th/early 4th millennium cal BC to the Tarxien Cemetery phase of the later 3rd/early 2nd millennia cal BC. Absolutely dated funerary activity, however, starts with a small rock-cut tomb, probably in use in the mid to late fourth millennium cal BC, in the Ġgantija period. After an interval of centuries, burial resumed on a larger scale, probably in the 30th century cal BC, associated with Tarxien cultural material, with the use of the cave for collective burial and other depositions, with a series of structures, most notably altar-like settings built from massive stone slabs, which served to monumentalise the space. This process continued at intervals until the deposition of the last burials, probably in the 24th century cal BC; ceremonial activity may have ended at this time or a little later, to be followed by occupation in the Tarxien Cemetery period. The implications for the development of Neolithic society on Malta are discussed, as well as the changing character of Neolithic Malta in comparison to contemporary communities in Sicily, peninsular Italy and southern Iberia. It is argued that underground settings and temples on Malta may have served to reinforce locally important values of cooperation and consensus, against a wider tide of differentiation and accumulation, but that there could also have been increasing control of the treatment of the dead through time. The end of the Maltese Neolithic is also briefly discussed.en_UK
dc.relationMalone C, Cutajar N, McLaughlin TR, Mercieca-Spiteri B, Pace A, Power R, Stoddart S, Sultana S, Bronk Ramsey C, Dunbar E, Bayliss A, Healy F & Whittle A (2019) Island questions: the chronology of the Brochtorff Circle at Xagħra, Gozo, and its significance for the Neolithic sequence on Malta (Forthcoming). Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences.en_UK
dc.rightsThis item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjectBayesian chronological modellingen_UK
dc.subjectmonumentalised caveen_UK
dc.subjectcollective burialsen_UK
dc.titleIsland questions: the chronology of the Brochtorff Circle at Xagħra, Gozo, and its significance for the Neolithic sequence on Malta (Forthcoming)en_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[AASC-D-18-00192_R1 Xaghra v25 resubmitted 13 Nov 2018.pdf] Publisher requires embargo of 12 months after formal publication.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleArchaeological and Anthropological Sciencesen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commissionen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationQueen's University Belfasten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationHeritage Maltaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationQueen's University Belfasten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationHeritage Maltaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Maltaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMacquarie Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Cambridgeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationHeritage Maltaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSUERC Radiocarbon Dating Laboratoryen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCardiff Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCardiff Universityen_UK
dc.description.refREF Compliant by Deposit in Stirling's Repositoryen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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