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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/2860

Appears in Collections:Economics Working Papers
Peer Review Status: Unrefereed
Title: Technological Advance in Cooling Systems at U.S. Power Plants
Author(s): Bellas, Allen S
Finney, Duane
Lange, Ian
Contact Email: i.a.lange@stir.ac.uk
Citation: Bellas AS, Finney D & Lange I (2011) Technological Advance in Cooling Systems at U.S. Power Plants. Stirling Economics Discussion Paper, 2011-05.
Keywords: Electricity Generation
Water Cooling: Innovation
Environmental Policy
JEL Code(s): Q52
Q40
L51
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Series/Report no.: Stirling Economics Discussion Paper, 2011-05
Abstract: Prior to adoption of the 1972 Clean Water Act (CWA) most U.S. power plants used once-through cooling water systems that discharged large quantities of warm water and resulted in significant amounts of thermal pollution in neighboring bodies of water. The CWA essentially mandated recirculating systems for most new facilities. This paper investigates whether there was either cost-saving or performance enhancing technological advance in cooling systems and how these advances are related to imposition of the CWA.
Type: Working or Discussion Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/2860
Affiliation: Metropolitan State University
Metropolitan State University
Economics

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