Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/28578
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dc.contributor.authorNor, Abidi Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorGray, Tim Sen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCaldwell, Gary Sen_UK
dc.contributor.authorStead, Selina Men_UK
dc.date.accessioned2019-01-19T01:04:46Z-
dc.date.available2019-01-19T01:04:46Z-
dc.date.issued2017-10-01en_UK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/28578-
dc.description.abstractSeaweed (Kappaphycus spp.) farming has been practised in Malaysia since the late 1970s following government policy incentives (training and farming inputs). However, numerous governance, economic, environmental, technological and sociocultural challenges have limited the industry from achieving its full potential. The Seaweed Cluster Project (SCP) was introduced in 2012 to address some of these challenges. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of the SCP in delivering its central objectives of increasing seaweed production, optimising the farming area, improving seaweed quality and farming efficiency, raising farmers’ income, and reducing the environmental impact of seaweed farming. Community and industry perceptions of the SCP were obtained from seven communities using a mixed-methods approach based on face-to-face semi-structured interviews, focus group discussions, household surveys, observation and secondary data. Views on the SCP outcomes were generally negative, including low take-up rates by indigenous people, poor stakeholder participation in decision-making, limited acceptance of new technologies, economic vulnerability, a complex marketing system, and low social cohesion of seaweed farming communities. Positive perceptions included recognition that the SCP confers high social status upon a community, reduces operating costs, and facilitates the production of certified seaweed. The SCP’s problems are linked to poor multi-level governance, weak market mechanisms and unintegrated community development. The study concludes with five recommendations to improve the SCP: promote the participation of indigenous people; legalise existing migrant farmers; strengthen local seaweed cooperative organisations; provide entrepreneurship skills to farmers; and fully integrate stakeholders into decision-making.en_UK
dc.language.isoenen_UK
dc.publisherBMCen_UK
dc.relationNor AM, Gray TS, Caldwell GS & Stead SM (2017) Is a cooperative approach to seaweed farming effectual? An analysis of the seaweed cluster project (SCP), Malaysia. Journal of Applied Phycology, 29 (5), pp. 2323-2337. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10811-016-1025-yen_UK
dc.rights© The Author(s) 2016 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.en_UK
dc.subjectAquacultureen_UK
dc.subjectSeaweed farmingen_UK
dc.subjectGovernanceen_UK
dc.subjectCommunityen_UK
dc.subjectPolicyen_UK
dc.subjectMalaysiaen_UK
dc.titleIs a cooperative approach to seaweed farming effectual? An analysis of the seaweed cluster project (SCP), Malaysiaen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.identifier.doi10.1007/s10811-016-1025-yen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleJournal of Applied Phycologyen_UK
dc.citation.issn1573-5176en_UK
dc.citation.issn0921-8971en_UK
dc.citation.volume29en_UK
dc.citation.issue5en_UK
dc.citation.spage2323en_UK
dc.citation.epage2337en_UK
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublisheden_UK
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereeden_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.citation.date10/12/2016en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.identifier.isiWOS:000413299100018en_UK
dc.identifier.scopusid2-s2.0-85006368088en_UK
dc.identifier.wtid1090335en_UK
dc.date.accepted2016-11-21en_UK
dc.description.refREF Eligible with Permitted Exceptionen_UK
dc.date.filedepositdate2019-01-17en_UK
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles

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