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dc.contributor.authorReed, Mark Sen_UK
dc.contributor.authorAllen, Katherineen_UK
dc.contributor.authorAttlee, Anaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDougill, Andrew Jen_UK
dc.contributor.authorEvans, Karl Len_UK
dc.contributor.authorKenter, Jasper Oen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHoy, Jillianen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMcNab, Dougen_UK
dc.contributor.authorStead, Selina Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorTwyman, Chascaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorScott, Alister Sen_UK
dc.contributor.authorSmyth, Mary Annen_UK
dc.contributor.authorStringer, Lindsay Cen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWhittingham, Mark Jen_UK
dc.description.abstractPayment for Ecosystem Services (PES) schemes are proliferating but are challenged by insufficient attention to spatial and temporal inter-dependencies, interactions between different ecosystems and their services, and the need for multi-level governance. To address these challenges, this paper develops a place-based approach to the development and implementation of PES schemes that incorporates multi-level governance, bundling or layering of services across multiple scales, and shared values for ecosystem services. The approach is evaluated and illustrated using case study research to develop an explicitly place-based PES scheme, the Peatland Code, owned and managed by the International Union for the Conservation of Nature's UK Peatland Programme and designed to pay for restoration of peatland habitats. Buyers preferred bundled schemes with premium pricing of a primary service, contrasting with sellers’ preferences for quantifying and marketing services separately in a layered scheme. There was limited awareness among key business sectors of dependencies on ecosystem services, or the risks and opportunities arising from their management. Companies with financial links to peatlands or a strong environmental sustainability focus were interested in the scheme, particularly in relation to climate regulation, water quality, biodiversity and flood risk mitigation benefits. Visitors were most interested in donating to projects that benefited wildlife and were willing to donate around 2 on-site during a visit. Sellers agreed a deliberated fair price per tonne of CO2 equivalent from 11.18 to 15.65 across four sites in Scotland, with this range primarily driven by spatial variation in habitat degradation. In the Peak District, perceived declines in sheep and grouse productivity arising from ditch blocking led to substantially higher prices, but in other regions ditch blocking was viewed more positively. The Peatland Code was developed in close collaboration with stakeholders at catchment, landscape and national scales, enabling multi-level governance of the management and delivery of ecosystem services across these scales. Place-based PES schemes can mitigate negative trade-offs between ecosystem services, more effectively include cultural ecosystem services and engage with and empower diverse stakeholders in scheme design and governance.en_UK
dc.relationReed MS, Allen K, Attlee A, Dougill AJ, Evans KL, Kenter JO, Hoy J, McNab D, Stead SM, Twyman C, Scott AS, Smyth MA, Stringer LC & Whittingham MJ (2017) A place-based approach to payments for ecosystem services. Global Environmental Change, 43, pp. 92-106.
dc.rights© 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (
dc.subjectEcological economicsen_UK
dc.subjectEcological restorationen_UK
dc.titleA place-based approach to payments for ecosystem servicesen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleGlobal Environmental Changeen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderDepartment for Environment Food & Rural Affairsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Edinburghen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationProject Mayaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Leedsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Sheffielden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationScottish Association for Marine Scienceen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationInternational Union for Conservation of Natureen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSouthwark Councilen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Sheffielden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNorthumbria Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCrichton Carbon Centreen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Leedsen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNewcastle Universityen_UK
dc.description.refREF Eligible with Permitted Exceptionen_UK
Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles

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