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Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Metabolic costs imposed by hydrostatic pressure constrain bathymetric range in the lithodid crabLithodes maja
Author(s): Brown, Alastair
Thatje, Sven
Morris, James P
Oliphant, Andrew
Morgan, Elizabeth A
Hauton, Chris
Jones, Daniel O B
Pond, David W
Keywords: Insect Science
Animal Science and Zoology
Aquatic Science
Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
Molecular Biology
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2017
Date Deposited: 18-Jan-2019
Citation: Brown A, Thatje S, Morris JP, Oliphant A, Morgan EA, Hauton C, Jones DOB & Pond DW (2017) Metabolic costs imposed by hydrostatic pressure constrain bathymetric range in the lithodid crabLithodes maja. The Journal of Experimental Biology, 220 (21), pp. 3916-3926.
Abstract: The changing climate is shifting the distributions of marine species, yet the potential for shifts in depth distributions is virtually unexplored. Hydrostatic pressure is proposed to contribute to a physiological bottleneck constraining depth range extension in shallow-water taxa. However, bathymetric limitation by hydrostatic pressure remains undemonstrated, and the mechanism limiting hyperbaric tolerance remains hypothetical. Here, we assess the effects of hydrostatic pressure in the lithodid crab Lithodes maja (bathymetric range 4–790 m depth, approximately equivalent to 0.1 to 7.9 MPa hydrostatic pressure). Heart rate decreased with increasing hydrostatic pressure, and was significantly lower at ≥10.0 MPa than at 0.1 MPa. Oxygen consumption increased with increasing hydrostatic pressure to 12.5 MPa, before decreasing as hydrostatic pressure increased to 20.0 MPa; oxygen consumption was significantly higher at 7.5–17.5 MPa than at 0.1 MPa. Increases in expression of genes associated with neurotransmission, metabolism and stress were observed between 7.5 and 12.5 MPa. We suggest that hyperbaric tolerance in L. maja may be oxygen-limited by hyperbaric effects on heart rate and metabolic rate, but that L. maja's bathymetric range is limited by metabolic costs imposed by the effects of high hydrostatic pressure. These results advocate including hydrostatic pressure in a complex model of environmental tolerance, where energy limitation constrains biogeographic range, and facilitate the incorporation of hydrostatic pressure into the broader metabolic framework for ecology and evolution. Such an approach is crucial for accurately projecting biogeographic responses to changing climate, and for understanding the ecology and evolution of life at depth.
DOI Link: 10.1242/jeb.158543
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in The Journal of Experimental Biology, 220 (21), pp. 3916-3926 published by The Company of Biologists. The original publication is available at:

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