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Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Update on GM canola crops as novel sources of omega-3 fish oils
Author(s): Napier, Johnathan A
Olsen, Rolf-Erik
Tocher, Douglas R
Keywords: Canola
omega-3 fish oils
regulatory approval
Issue Date: Apr-2019
Date Deposited: 6-Dec-2018
Citation: Napier JA, Olsen R & Tocher DR (2019) Update on GM canola crops as novel sources of omega-3 fish oils. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 17 (4), pp. 703-705.
Abstract: There is considerable interest in new sources of omega‐3 long‐chain (here defined as fatty acids ≥C20) polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC‐PUFA), specifically eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n‐3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; 22:6n‐3), commonly known as omega‐3 fish oils, to supplement the limited supplies of oceanic fish oil (Tocher, 2015). These alternative sources include extraction of other diverse marine organisms (e.g. krill, plankton etc.), algal fermentation, and the genetic engineering of microbes such as yeasts. Another approach is the synthesis of omega‐3 fish oils in transgenic plants (reviewed in Napier et al., 2015), and this short article will discuss the recent results obtained by two major industry collaborations.
DOI Link: 10.1111/pbi.13045
Rights: © 2018 The Authors. Plant Biotechnology Journal published by Society for Experimental Biology and The Association of Applied Biologists and John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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