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Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The Arctic Oscillation predicts effects of climate change in two trophic levels in a high-arctic ecosystem
Author(s): Aanes, Ronny
Saether, Bernt-Erik
Smith, Fiona M
Cooper, Elisabeth J
Wookey, Philip
Oritsland, Nils Are
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Keywords: Arctic oscillation
Cassiope tetragona
climate change
plant-herbivore interactions
Svalbard reindeer
Issue Date: 31-May-2002
Date Deposited: 6-Nov-2018
Citation: Aanes R, Saether B, Smith FM, Cooper EJ, Wookey P & Oritsland NA (2002) The Arctic Oscillation predicts effects of climate change in two trophic levels in a high-arctic ecosystem. Ecology Letters, 5 (3), pp. 445-453.
Abstract: During recent decades there has been a change in the circulation of atmospheric pressure throughout the Northern Hemisphere. These variations are expressed in the recently described Arctic Oscillation (AO), which has shown an upward trend (associated with winter warming in the eastern Arctic) during the last three decades. We analysed a 12-year time series on growth of Cassiope tetragona (Lapland Cassiope) and a 21-year time series on abundance of a Svalbard reindeer population. High values of the AO index were associated with reduced plant growth and reindeer population growth rate. The North Atlantic Oscillation index was not able to explain a significant proportion of the variance in either plant growth or reindeer population fluctuations. Thus, the AO index may be a better predictor for ecosystem effects of climate change in certain high-arctic areas compared to the NAO index.
DOI Link: 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2002.00340.x
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