Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/28153
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dc.contributor.authorWelker, Jeffery Men_UK
dc.contributor.authorMolau, Ulfen_UK
dc.contributor.authorParsons, Andrew Nen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRobinson, Clare Hen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWookey, Philipen_UK
dc.date.accessioned2018-11-09T09:31:37Z-
dc.date.available2018-11-09T09:31:37Z-
dc.date.issued1997-12-31en_UK
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/28153-
dc.description.abstractWe have examined organismic responses of Dryas octopetala to simulated changes in the summer climate at four tundra sites as part of the International Tundra Experiment (ITEX). Our study sites are located in the High Arctic, on Svalbard, Norway, in the Low Arctic at Abisko, Sweden, and at Toolik Lake, Alaska, USA and our temperate alpine site is at Niwot Ridge, Colorado, USA. These sites represent a range of tundra temperature and precipitation regimes, being generally cold and dry in the High Arctic and warmer and wetter at Toolik Lake and Niwot Ridge. Results from our studies indicate organismic attributes such as flowering shoot length varies by 30% between low and high arctic populations and that experimental warming results in significant increases in shoot height at three of four sites. We find that phenological development of Dryas is accelerated under experimentally warmed conditions which corresponds with a lengthening of the growing season in autumn, greater degrees of seed set and a higher likelihood of colonization of bare ground. We also observe that Dryas dominated ecosystems which are exposed to experimental manipulations are capable of exhibiting net carbon sequestration in late autumn, and that Dryas photosynthesis and green leaf biomass is significantly greater under warmer as opposed to ambient temperature conditions. Dryas leaf nitrogen is also significantly lowered under warmer conditions resulting in senescent leaves having a higher C:N ratio than those under ambient conditions. Together these findings indicate that Dryas phenology and carbon flux may be altered to the greatest degree in spring and again in autumn by higher summer temperatures and that simultaneously both positive and negative feedback effects may result from changes in plant and ecosystem performance. © 1997 Blackwell Science Ltd.en_UK
dc.language.isoenen_UK
dc.publisherWileyen_UK
dc.relationWelker JM, Molau U, Parsons AN, Robinson CH & Wookey P (1997) Responses of Dryas octopetala to ITEX environmental manipulations: a synthesis with circumpolar comparisons. Global Change Biology, 3 (S1), pp. 61-73. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.1997.gcb143.x.en_UK
dc.rightsThe publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.en_UK
dc.subjecttundraen_UK
dc.subjectclimate changeen_UK
dc.subjectdwarf shruben_UK
dc.subjectArcticen_UK
dc.subjectalpineen_UK
dc.subjectcomparative studiesen_UK
dc.subjectITEXen_UK
dc.titleResponses of Dryas octopetala to ITEX environmental manipulations: a synthesis with circumpolar comparisonsen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargodate2999-12-31en_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[WELKER_et_al-1997-Global_Change_Biology.pdf] The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository therefore there is an embargo on the full text of the work.en_UK
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1365-2486.1997.gcb143.xen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleGlobal Change Biologyen_UK
dc.citation.issn1365-2486en_UK
dc.citation.issn1354-1013en_UK
dc.citation.volume3en_UK
dc.citation.issueS1en_UK
dc.citation.spage61en_UK
dc.citation.epage73en_UK
dc.citation.publicationstatusPublisheden_UK
dc.citation.peerreviewedRefereeden_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.contributor.funderUniversity of Londonen_UK
dc.author.emailphilip.wookey1@stir.ac.uken_UK
dc.citation.date17/12/2003en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationColorado State Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Gothenburgen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationColorado State Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationKing's College Londonen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUppsala Universityen_UK
dc.identifier.isi000071285300007en_UK
dc.identifier.wtid523938en_UK
dc.contributor.orcid0000-0001-5957-6424en_UK
dc.date.firstcompliantdepositdate2018-01-17en_UK
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