Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/27653
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Using air-quality feedback to encourage disadvantaged parents to create a smoke-free home: Results from a randomised controlled trial
Author(s): Semple, Sean
Turner, Stephen
O'Donnell, Rachel
Adams, Lynn
Henderson, Tracy
Mitchell, Shirley
Lyttle, Susan
Amos, Amanda
Contact Email: sean.semple@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Environmental Tobacco Smoke
Second-hand Smoke
Children
PM2.5
Education
Intervention
Issue Date: 30-Nov-2018
Citation: Semple S, Turner S, O'Donnell R, Adams L, Henderson T, Mitchell S, Lyttle S & Amos A (2018) Using air-quality feedback to encourage disadvantaged parents to create a smoke-free home: Results from a randomised controlled trial. Environment International, 120, pp. 104-110. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.07.039
Abstract: Objective To determine if low-cost air-quality monitors providing personalised feedback of household second-hand smoke (SHS) concentrations plus standard health service advice on SHS were more effective than standard advice in helping parents protect their child from SHS. Design A randomised controlled trial of a personalised intervention delivered to disadvantaged mothers who were exposed to SHS at home. Changes in household concentrations of fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5) were the primary outcome. Methods Air-quality monitors measured household PM2.5 concentrations over approximately 6 days at baseline and at one-month and six-months post-intervention. Data on smoking and smoking-rules were gathered. Participants were randomised to either Group A (standard health service advice on SHS) or Group B (standard advice plus personalised air-quality feedback). Group B participants received personalised air-quality feedback after the baseline measurement and at 1-month. Both groups received air-quality feedback at 6-months. Results 120 mothers were recruited of whom 117 were randomised. Follow up was completed after 1-month in 102 and at 6-months in 78 participants. There was no statistically significant reduction in PM2.5 concentrations by either intervention type at 1-month or 6-months, nor significant differences between the two groups at 1-month (p = 0.76) and 6-month follow-up (p = 0.16). Conclusions Neither standard advice nor standard advice plus personalised air-quality feedback were effective in reducing PM2.5 concentrations in deprived households where smoking occurred. Finding ways of identifying homes where air-quality feedback can be a useful tool to change household smoking behaviour is important to ensure resources are targeted successfully.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.07.039
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Accepted refereed manuscript of: Semple S, Turner S, O'Donnell R, Adams L, Henderson T, Mitchell S, Lyttle S & Amos A (2018) Using air-quality feedback to encourage disadvantaged parents to create a smoke-free home: Results from a randomised controlled trial, Environment International, 120, pp. 104-110. DOI: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.07.039 © 2018, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

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