Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Can we spot deleterious ageing in two waves of data? The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 from ages 70 to 73
Author(s): Johnson, Wendy
Gow, Alan J
Corley, Janie
Redmond, Paul
Henderson, Ross
Murray, Catherine
Starr, John M
Deary, Ian J
Keywords: Cognitive ability
longitudinal data
Issue Date: 27-Oct-2012
Citation: Johnson W, Gow AJ, Corley J, Redmond P, Henderson R, Murray C, Starr JM & Deary IJ (2012) Can we spot deleterious ageing in two waves of data? The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 from ages 70 to 73, Longitudinal and Life Course Studies, 3 (3), pp. 312-331.
Abstract: 'Younger' old age (the late 60s through early 70s) is, for many, a period of stability of lifestyle and considerable freedom to pursue leisure activities. Despite the stability that many enjoy, the mortality rate is about 2% per year in western nations. This increases to about 5% by age 80. It would be useful to know if those most vulnerable can be identified through patterns of deleterious ageing, and especially if this could be accomplished with just two waves of data. The Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 was surveyed on a host of individual difference variables including cognition, personality, biomarkers of physical health, and activities at ages 70 and 73 years. Overall, the group showed the expected basic stability in mean levels for these variables, but some individuals had died and others did show substantial changes that could be considered statistically reliable. These presumably reliable changes were at least as likely to be positive (reflecting improved condition/ability) as negative (reflecting decline/ageing). Moreover, limitations in the estimated reliabilities of the measures meant that most of the observed changes could not be considered reliable. The changes clustered only weakly around general health to predict death over the next approximately two years. We concluded that two waves of longitudinal data were not sufficient to assess meaningful patterns of ageing, despite often being used to do so.
DOI Link: 10.14301/llcs.v3i3.198
Rights: This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal (

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Johnson et al 2012.pdfFulltext - Published Version741.12 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.