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Appears in Collections:Aquaculture Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Bacterial iron acquisition mediated by outer membrane translocation and cleavage of a host protein
Author(s): Mosbahi, Khedidja
Wojnowska, Marta
Albalat, Amaya
Walker, Daniel
Keywords: iron
M16 protease
protein translocation
outer membrane
Issue Date: 11-Jun-2018
Citation: Mosbahi K, Wojnowska M, Albalat A & Walker D (2018) Bacterial iron acquisition mediated by outer membrane translocation and cleavage of a host protein. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Abstract: Iron is an essential micronutrient for most bacteria and is obtained from iron-chelating siderophores or directly from iron-containing host proteins. For Gram-negative bacteria, classical iron transport systems consist of an outer membrane receptor, a periplasmic binding protein, and an inner membrane ABC transporter, which work in concert to deliver iron from the cell surface to the cytoplasm. We recently showed that Pectobacterium spp. are able to acquire iron from ferredoxin, a small and stable 2Fe-2S iron sulfur cluster containing protein and identified the ferredoxin receptor, FusA, a TonBdependent receptor that binds ferredoxin on the cell surface. The genetic context of fusA suggests an atypical iron acquisition system, lacking a periplasmic binding protein, although the mechanism through which iron is extracted from the captured ferredoxin has remained unknown. Here we show that FusC, an M16 family protease, displays a highly targeted proteolytic activity against plant ferredoxin, and that growth enhancement of Pectobacterium due to iron acquisition from ferredoxin is FusC-dependent. The periplasmic location of FusC indicates a mechanism in which ferredoxin is imported into the periplasm via FusA before cleavage by FusC, as confirmed by the uptake and accumulation of ferredoxin in the periplasm in a strain lacking fusC. The existence of homologous uptake systems in a range of pathogenic bacteria suggests that protein uptake for nutrient acquisition may be widespread in bacteria and shows that, similar to their endosymbiotic descendants mitochondria and chloroplasts, bacteria produce dedicated protein import systems.
DOI Link: 10.1073/pnas.1800672115
Notes: Output Status: Forthcoming/Available Online
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