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dc.contributor.authorShipton, Cerien_UK
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Patricken_UK
dc.contributor.authorArcher, Willen_UK
dc.contributor.authorArmitage, Simon Jen_UK
dc.contributor.authorBita, Caesaren_UK
dc.contributor.authorBlinkhorn, Jamesen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCourtney-Mustaphi, Colinen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCrowther, Alisonen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCurtis, Richarden_UK
dc.contributor.authord'Errico, Francescoen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDouka, Katerinaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorFaulkner, Patricken_UK
dc.contributor.authorGroucutt, Huw Sen_UK
dc.contributor.authorHelm, Richarden_UK
dc.contributor.authorKourampas, Nikosen_UK
dc.description.abstractThe Middle to Later Stone Age transition in Africa has been debated as a significant shift in human technological, cultural, and cognitive evolution. However, the majority of research on this transition is currently focused on southern Africa due to a lack of long-term, stratified sites across much of the African continent. Here, we report a 78,000-year-long archeological record from Panga ya Saidi, a cave in the humid coastal forest of Kenya. Following a shift in toolkits ~67,000 years ago, novel symbolic and technological behaviors assemble in a non-unilinear manner. Against a backdrop of a persistent tropical forest-grassland ecotone, localized innovations better characterize the Late Pleistocene of this part of East Africa than alternative emphases on dramatic revolutions or migrations.en_UK
dc.publisherSpringer Natureen_UK
dc.relationShipton C, Roberts P, Archer W, Armitage SJ, Bita C, Blinkhorn J, Courtney-Mustaphi C, Crowther A, Curtis R, d'Errico F, Douka K, Faulkner P, Groucutt HS, Helm R & Kourampas N (2018) 78,000-year-old record of Middle and Later stone age innovation in an East African tropical forest, Nature Communications, 9 (1), Art. No.: 1832.
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit
dc.title78,000-year-old record of Middle and Later stone age innovation in an East African tropical foresten_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleNature Communicationsen_UK
dc.type.statusVoR - Version of Recorden_UK
dc.description.notesAdditional co-authors: Andy I. R Herries, Severinus Jembe, Julia Lee-Thorp, Rob Marchant, Julio Mercader, Africa Pitarch Marti, Mary E. Prendergast, Ben Rowson, Amini Tengeza, Ruth Tibesasa, Tom S. White, Michael D. Petraglia & Nicole Boivinen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Cambridgeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for the Science of Human Historyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropologyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationRoyal Holloway University of Londonen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNational Museums of Kenyaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Liverpoolen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Yorken_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Queenslanden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationLa Trobe Universityen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Bergenen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Sydneyen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Oxforden_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationCanterbury Archaeological Trusten_UK
dc.description.refREF Compliant by Deposit in Stirling's Repositoryen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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