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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Ordering adjectives in referential communication
Author(s): Fukumura, Kumiko
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Keywords: adjective
word order
referential communication
language production
Issue Date: Aug-2018
Citation: Fukumura K (2018) Ordering adjectives in referential communication. Journal of Memory and Language, 101, pp. 37-50.
Abstract: We contrasted two hypotheses concerning how speakers determine adjective order during referential communication. The discriminatory efficiency hypotheses claims that speakers place the most discriminating adjective early to facilitate referent identification. By contrast, the availability-based ordering hypothesis assumes that speakers produce most available adjectives early to ease production. Experiment 1 showed that speakers use more pattern-before-color modifier orders (than the reversed) when pattern, not color, distinguished the referent from alternatives, providing support for the discriminatory efficiency hypothesis. Participants also overspecified color more often than pattern, and they generally favored color-before-pattern orders, in support of the availability-based ordering hypothesis. Experiments 2 and 3 replicated both effects in a dialogue setting, where speakers’ adjective ordering was also primed by their partner’s ordering, using conjoined and non-conjoined constructions. We propose a novel model (PASS) that explains how discriminability and availability simultaneously influence adjective selection and ordering via competition in the speaker’s message representation.
DOI Link: 10.1016/j.jml.2018.03.003
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Accepted refereed manuscript of: Fukumura K (2018) Ordering adjectives in referential communication, Journal of Memory and Language, 101, pp. 37-50. DOI: © 2018, Elsevier. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

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