Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The intervention process in the European Fans in Training (EuroFIT) trial: A mixed method protocol for evaluation
Author(s): van de Glind, Irene
Bunn, Christopher
Gray, Cindy
Hunt, Kate
Andersen, Eivind
Jelsma, Judith
Morgan, Heather
Pereira, Hugo
Roberts, Glyn
Rooksby, John
Roynesdal, Oystein
Silva, Marlene
Sorensen, Marit
Treweek, Shaun
van Achterberg, Theo
Keywords: Process evaluation
Complex intervention
Health promotion
Public health
Sedentary lifestyle
Physical activity
Behaviour change
Men’s health
Sports stadia
Issue Date: 27-Jul-2017
Date Deposited: 11-Apr-2018
Citation: van de Glind I, Bunn C, Gray C, Hunt K, Andersen E, Jelsma J, Morgan H, Pereira H, Roberts G, Rooksby J, Roynesdal O, Silva M, Sorensen M, Treweek S & van Achterberg T (2017) The intervention process in the European Fans in Training (EuroFIT) trial: A mixed method protocol for evaluation. Trials, 18 (1), Art. No.: 356.
Abstract: Background:  EuroFIT is a gender-sensitised, health and lifestyle program targeting physical activity, sedentary time and dietary behaviours in men. The delivery of the program in football clubs, led by the clubs' community coaches, is designed to both attract and engage men in lifestyle change through an interest in football or loyalty to the club they support. The EuroFIT program will be evaluated in a multicentre pragmatic randomised controlled trial (RCT), for which ~1000 overweight men, aged 30-65 years, will be recruited in 15 top professional football clubs in the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the UK. The process evaluation is designed to investigate how implementation within the RCT is achieved in the various football clubs and countries and the processes through which EuroFIT affects outcomes.  Methods:  This mixed methods evaluation is guided by the Medical Research Council (MRC) guidance for conducting process evaluations of complex interventions. Data will be collected in the intervention arm of the EuroFIT trial through: participant questionnaires (n = 500); attendance sheets and coach logs (n = 360); observations of sessions (n = 30); coach questionnaires (n = 30); usage logs from a novel device for self-monitoring physical activity and non-sedentary behaviour (SitFIT); an app-based game to promote social support for physical activity outside program sessions (MatchFIT); interviews with coaches (n = 15); football club representatives (n = 15); and focus groups with participants (n = 30). Written standard operating procedures are used to ensure quality and consistency in data collection and analysis across the participating countries. Data will be analysed thematically within datasets and overall synthesis of findings will address the processes through which the program is implemented in various countries and clubs and through which it affects outcomes, with careful attention to the context of the football club.  Discussion:  The process evaluation will provide a comprehensive account of what was necessary to implement the EuroFIT program in professional football clubs within a trial setting and how outcomes were affected by the program. This will allow us to re-appraise the program's conceptual base, optimise the program for post-trial implementation and roll out, and offer suggestions for the development and implementation of future initiatives to promote health and wellbeing through professional sports clubs.  Trial Registration: ISRCTN81935608. Registered on 16 June 2015.
DOI Link: 10.1186/s13063-017-2095-0
Rights: © The Author(s). 2017 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.
Notes: Additional co-authors: H van der Ploeg, F van Nassau, M Nijhuis-van der Sanden and S Wyke
Licence URL(s):

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
s13063-017-2095-0.pdfFulltext - Published Version1.83 MBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

A file in this item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

The metadata of the records in the Repository are available under the CC0 public domain dedication: No Rights Reserved

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.