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dc.contributor.authorvan, de Glind Irene-
dc.contributor.authorBunn, Christopher-
dc.contributor.authorGray, Cindy-
dc.contributor.authorHunt, Kathryn-
dc.contributor.authorAndersen, Eivind-
dc.contributor.authorJelsma, Judith-
dc.contributor.authorMorgan, Heather-
dc.contributor.authorPereira, Hugo-
dc.contributor.authorRoberts, Glyn-
dc.contributor.authorRooksby, John-
dc.contributor.authorRoynesdal, Oystein-
dc.contributor.authorSilva, Marlene-
dc.contributor.authorSorensen, Marit-
dc.contributor.authorTreweek, Shaun-
dc.contributor.authorvan, Achterberg Theo-
dc.description.abstractBackground:  EuroFIT is a gender-sensitised, health and lifestyle program targeting physical activity, sedentary time and dietary behaviours in men. The delivery of the program in football clubs, led by the clubs' community coaches, is designed to both attract and engage men in lifestyle change through an interest in football or loyalty to the club they support. The EuroFIT program will be evaluated in a multicentre pragmatic randomised controlled trial (RCT), for which ~1000 overweight men, aged 30-65 years, will be recruited in 15 top professional football clubs in the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the UK. The process evaluation is designed to investigate how implementation within the RCT is achieved in the various football clubs and countries and the processes through which EuroFIT affects outcomes.  Methods:  This mixed methods evaluation is guided by the Medical Research Council (MRC) guidance for conducting process evaluations of complex interventions. Data will be collected in the intervention arm of the EuroFIT trial through: participant questionnaires (n = 500); attendance sheets and coach logs (n = 360); observations of sessions (n = 30); coach questionnaires (n = 30); usage logs from a novel device for self-monitoring physical activity and non-sedentary behaviour (SitFIT); an app-based game to promote social support for physical activity outside program sessions (MatchFIT); interviews with coaches (n = 15); football club representatives (n = 15); and focus groups with participants (n = 30). Written standard operating procedures are used to ensure quality and consistency in data collection and analysis across the participating countries. Data will be analysed thematically within datasets and overall synthesis of findings will address the processes through which the program is implemented in various countries and clubs and through which it affects outcomes, with careful attention to the context of the football club.  Discussion:  The process evaluation will provide a comprehensive account of what was necessary to implement the EuroFIT program in professional football clubs within a trial setting and how outcomes were affected by the program. This will allow us to re-appraise the program's conceptual base, optimise the program for post-trial implementation and roll out, and offer suggestions for the development and implementation of future initiatives to promote health and wellbeing through professional sports clubs.  Trial Registration: ISRCTN81935608. Registered on 16 June 2015.en_UK
dc.publisherBioMed Central-
dc.relationvan de Glind I, Bunn C, Gray C, Hunt K, Andersen E, Jelsma J, Morgan H, Pereira H, Roberts G, Rooksby J, Roynesdal O, Silva M, Sorensen M, Treweek S & van Achterberg T (2017) The intervention process in the European Fans in Training (EuroFIT) trial: A mixed method protocol for evaluation, Trials, 18 (1), Art. No.: 356.-
dc.rights© The Author(s). 2017 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver ( applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.-
dc.subjectProcess evaluationen_UK
dc.subjectComplex interventionen_UK
dc.subjectHealth promotionen_UK
dc.subjectPublic healthen_UK
dc.subjectSedentary lifestyleen_UK
dc.subjectPhysical activityen_UK
dc.subjectBehaviour changeen_UK
dc.subjectMen’s healthen_UK
dc.subjectSports stadiaen_UK
dc.titleThe intervention process in the European Fans in Training (EuroFIT) trial: A mixed method protocol for evaluationen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.type.statusPublisher version (final published refereed version)-
dc.description.notesAdditional co-authors: H van der Ploeg, F van Nassau, M Nijhuis-van der Sanden and S Wykeen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationRadboud University Nijmegen-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Glasgow-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Glasgow-
dc.contributor.affiliationInstitute for Social Marketing-
dc.contributor.affiliationNorwegian School of Sport Sciences-
dc.contributor.affiliationVU University Amsterdam-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Aberdeen-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Lisbon-
dc.contributor.affiliationNorwegian School of Sport Sciences-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Glasgow-
dc.contributor.affiliationNorwegian School of Sport Sciences-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Lisbon-
dc.contributor.affiliationNorwegian School of Sport Sciences-
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Aberdeen-
dc.contributor.affiliationKU Leuven-
Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles

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