|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||The internal consistency and validity of the Vaccination Attitudes Examination (VAX) Scale: A replication study|
|Citation:||Wood L, Smith M, Miller C & O'Carroll R (2019) The internal consistency and validity of the Vaccination Attitudes Examination (VAX) Scale: A replication study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 53 (1), pp. 109-114. https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay043.|
|Abstract:||Background: Vaccinations are important preventative health behaviors. The recently developed Vaccination Attitudes Examination Scale (VAX) aims to measure the reasons behind refusal/hesitancy regarding vaccinations. Purpose: The aim of this replication study is to conduct an independent test of the newly developed VAX scale in the U.K. We tested: (a) internal consistency (Cronbach’s alpha); (b) convergent validity by assessing its relationships with beliefs about medication, medical mistrust and perceived sensitivity to medicines; and (c) construct validity by testing how well the VAX scale discriminated between vaccinators and nonvaccinators. Methods: A sample of 243 UK adults completed the VAX scale, the Beliefs about Medicines Questionnaire (BMQ), the Perceived Sensitivity to Medicines Scale (PSM) and the Medical Mistrust Index (MMI), in addition to demographics of age, gender, education levels and social deprivation. Participants were asked: (a) if they received an influenza vaccination in the past year; and (b) if they had a young child, had they vaccinated their young child against influenza in the past year. Results: The VAX: (a) demonstrated high internal consistency (α=0.92); (b) was positively correlated with medical mistrust, beliefs about medicines and less strongly correlated with perceived sensitivity to medicines; and (c) successfully differentiated parental influenza vaccinators from non-vaccinators. Conclusion: The VAX demonstrated good internal consistency, convergent and construct validity in an independent UK sample. It appears to be a useful measure to help us understand the health beliefs that promote or deter vaccination behavior.|
|Rights:||This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Annals of Behavioral Medicine following peer review. The version of record Wood L, Smith M, Miller C & O'Carroll R (2019) The internal consistency and validity of the Vaccination Attitudes Examination (VAX) Scale: A replication study. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 53 (1), pp. 109-114 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/abm/kay043|
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