Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/26932
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Collecting the dead: temporality and disposal in the Neolithic hypogée of Les Mournouards II (Marne, France)
Other Titles: Zusammenfassung: Die Toten vereinen: Temporalität und Organisation des neolithi-schen Hypogäums von Les Mournouards II (Marne, France)
Author(s): Chambon, Philippe
Blin, Arnaud
Bronk Ramsey, Christopher
Kromer, Bernd
Bayliss, Alex
Beavan, Nancy
Healy, Frances
Whittle, Alasdair
Contact Email: ab89@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Late Neolithic
Paris basin
collective burial
hypogea
radiocarbon dating
Bayesianchronological modelling
Issue Date: 31-Dec-2017
Citation: Chambon P, Blin A, Bronk Ramsey C, Kromer B, Bayliss A, Beavan N, Healy F & Whittle A (2017) Collecting the dead: temporality and disposal in the Neolithic hypogée of Les Mournouards II (Marne, France) [Zusammenfassung: Die Toten vereinen: Temporalität und Organisation des neolithi-schen Hypogäums von Les Mournouards II (Marne, France)]. Germania, 95, pp. 93-143. https://doi.org/10.11588/ger.2017.0.
Abstract: Why were large collectivities of the dead a widespread feature of the later fourth millennium cal BC in western Europe? The hypogée or artificial cave of Les Mournouards II in the Marne region, northern France, where remains of 79 people were deposited in two chambers, is used to address this and related questions. Bayesian modelling of 29 newly obtained radiocarbon dates places the construction of the tomb in the 34th or 33rd centuries cal BC, with a use-life which could be as little as 100 years. The results indicate that the two chambers were used concurrently, distinctions between them being attributable to their use by different social groupings, as hypothesised by the excavator, André Leroi-Gourhan. The probably short life of this tomb suggests that clusters of hypogées in general could reflect the use of successive tombs by the same groups. The character of the tomb is discussed in general terms of anxieties about territory and numbers of people, threats of dispersal and the maintenance of community. Diversity within collective burial practices in the Paris basin is examined, and a series of specific differences between hypogées and allées sépulcrales are explored.
DOI Link: 10.11588/ger.2017.0
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Forthcoming in Germania by Romano-Germanic Commission (RGK). The original publication is available at: https://doi.org/10.11588/ger.2017.0

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