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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Pattern and process in hominin brain size evolution are scale-dependent
Author(s): Du, Andrew
Zipkin, Andrew M
Hatala, Kevin G
Renner, Elizabeth
Baker, Jennifer L
Bianchi, Serena
Bernal, Kallista H
Wood, Bernard A
Keywords: hominin evolution
endocranial volume
phenotypic evolution
evolutionary mode
Issue Date: 28-Feb-2018
Citation: Du A, Zipkin AM, Hatala KG, Renner E, Baker JL, Bianchi S, Bernal KH & Wood BA (2018) Pattern and process in hominin brain size evolution are scale-dependent. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 285 (1873), Art. No.: 20172738.
Abstract: A large brain is a defining feature of modern humans, yet there is no consensus regarding the patterns, rates and processes involved in hominin brain size evolution. We use a reliable proxy for brain size in fossils, endocranial volume (ECV), to better understand how brain size evolved at both clade- and lineage-level scales. For the hominin clade overall, the dominant signal is consistent with a gradual increase in brain size. This gradual trend appears to have been generated primarily by processes operating within hypothesized lineages—64% or 88% depending on whether one uses a more or less speciose taxonomy, respectively. These processes were supplemented by the appearance in the fossil record of larger-brained Homo species and the subsequent disappearance of smaller-brained Australopithecus and Paranthropus taxa. When the estimated rate of within-lineage ECV increase is compared to an exponential model that operationalizes generation-scale evolutionary processes, it suggests that the observed data were the result of episodes of directional selection interspersed with periods of stasis and/or drift; all of this occurs on too fine a timescale to be resolved by the current human fossil record, thus producing apparent gradual trends within lineages. Our findings provide a quantitative basis for developing and testing scale-explicit hypotheses about the factors that led brain size to increase during hominin evolution.
DOI Link: 10.1098/rspb.2017.2738
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 28 February 2018, Volume 285, issue 1873 by The Royal Society. The original publication is available at:

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