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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Belief and Counterfactuality: A teleological theory of belief attribution
Author(s): Rafetseder, Eva
Perner, Josef
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Keywords: Counterfactual Reasoning
Basic Conditional Reasoning
False Belief
Issue Date: Apr-2018
Date Deposited: 9-Feb-2018
Citation: Rafetseder E & Perner J (2018) Belief and Counterfactuality: A teleological theory of belief attribution. Zeitschrift fur Psychologie, 226 (2), pp. 110-121.
Abstract: The development and relation of counterfactual reasoning and false belief understanding were examined in 3- to 7-year-old children (N=75) and adult controls (N=14). The key question was whether false belief understanding engages counterfactual reasoning to infer what somebody else falsely believes. Findings revealed a strong correlation between false belief and counterfactual questions even in conditions in which children could commit errors other than the reality bias (rp=.51). The data suggest that mastery of belief attribution and counterfactual reasoning is not limited to one point in development but rather develops over a longer period. Moreover, the rare occurrence of reality errors calls into question whether young children's errors in the classic false belief task are indeed the result of a failure to inhibit what they know to be actually the case. The data speak in favour of a teleological theory of belief attribution and challenges established theories of belief attribution.
DOI Link: 10.1027/2151-2604/a000327
Rights: Published under Hogrefe OpenMind License ( Based on and Compatible with the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 3.0 Unported License,
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