Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Choosing anaphoric expressions: Do people take into account likelihood of reference?
Author(s): Fukumura, Kumiko
van, Gompel Roger P G
Contact Email:
Keywords: Anaphor
Repeated name penalty
Implicit causality
Language production
Issue Date: Jan-2010
Citation: Fukumura K & van Gompel RPG (2010) Choosing anaphoric expressions: Do people take into account likelihood of reference?, Journal of Memory and Language, 62 (1), pp. 52-66.
Abstract: Research has shown that following a sentence fragment such as John impressed Mary because..., people are most likely to refer to John, whereas following John admired Mary because..., Mary is the preferred referent. Two written completion experiments investigated whether such semantic biases affect the choice of anaphor (pronouns vs. names). Experiment 1 investigated biases due to verb semantics, and Experiment 2 contrasted biases due to different connectives (because vs. so). Frequency-based accounts such as proposed by Arnold (2001) and functional linguists (e.g., Givón, 1988, 1989) suggest that the likelihood of reference to a particular discourse entity should affect the choice of anaphor: more pronouns (relative to names) for the bias-consistent entity than the bias-inconsistent entity. Although the semantics of the verb and connective had strong effects on the choice of referent, neither experiment showed any effect of semantic bias on the choice of anaphoric form. In contrast, structural factors did affect anaphoric choice. © 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
DOI Link:
Rights: The publisher does not allow this work to be made publicly available in this Repository. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
1-s2.0-S0749596X09000862-main.pdf269.82 kBAdobe PDFUnder Permanent Embargo    Request a copy

Note: If any of the files in this item are currently embargoed, you can request a copy directly from the author by clicking the padlock icon above. However, this facility is dependent on the depositor still being contactable at their original email address.

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.