Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/1893/26507
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The Effects of Two Planning Interventions on the Oral Health Behavior of Iranian Adolescents: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
Author(s): Pakpour, Amir H
Gholami, Maryam
Gellert, Paul
Yekaninejad, Mir Saeed
Dombrowski, Stephan U
Webb, Thomas L
Contact Email: s.u.dombrowski@stir.ac.uk
Keywords: Oral health
Adolescents
Planning
Volitional intervention
Issue Date: Jun-2016
Citation: Pakpour AH, Gholami M, Gellert P, Yekaninejad MS, Dombrowski SU & Webb TL (2016) The Effects of Two Planning Interventions on the Oral Health Behavior of Iranian Adolescents: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial, Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 50 (3), pp. 409-418.
Abstract: Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of a planning intervention (specifying when, where, and how to act) and an implementation intention intervention (specifying the same in the format of an if-then plan) in increasing self-reported brushing in adolescents.  Methods The study adopted a cluster randomized controlled trial design, and 1158 students in 48 schools were randomized to planning, implementation intention, or active control conditions. After baseline assessment, all participants received a leaflet containing information and recommendations on oral health and instructions on correct brushing behavior. After reading the leaflets, they were provided with a toothbrush and toothpaste plus a calendar in which to record their brushing. Participants in the planning condition and in the implementation intention condition also received instructions to form specific plans regarding brushing behavior. Self-reported brushing, perceived behavioral control, self-monitoring, intention, frequency of planning, oral health-related quality of life, and dental plaque and periodontal status were measured 1 and 6 months later.  Results Both intervention conditions showed a significant improvement in the frequency of self-reported brushing, self-monitoring, frequency of planning, intention, perceived behavioral control, plaque index, periodontal health, and oral health-related quality of life compared to the control condition at both follow-ups. Comparing the two intervention conditions revealed that adolescents who received the implementation intention intervention had significantly greater improvement in the frequency of self-reported brushing, intention, frequency of planning, and periodontal health than those in planning condition.  Conclusions Taken together, the findings suggest that forming implementation intentions as well as planning has the potential to increase dental self-reported brushing rates in adolescents, but that forming implementation intentions has the strongest impact on dental hygiene behavior and is, therefore, recommended.
DOI Link: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12160-015-9767-3
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in ann. behav. med. (2016) 50:409–418. The final publication is available at Springer via https://doi.org/10.1007/s12160-015-9767-3

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
Pakpour et al (2016) MS Word version.pdf466.94 kBAdobe PDFView/Open



This item is protected by original copyright



Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact library@stir.ac.uk providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.