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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Would You Be Happier If You Looked Better? A Focusing Illusion
Author(s): Kaczmarek, Lukasz D
Enko, Jolanta
Awdziejczyk, Malgorzata
Hoffmann, Natalia
Bialobrzeska, Natalia
Mielniczuk, Przemyslaw
Dombrowski, Stephan U
Keywords: Life satisfaction
Body satisfaction
Focusing illusion
Issue Date: Feb-2016
Citation: Kaczmarek LD, Enko J, Awdziejczyk M, Hoffmann N, Bialobrzeska N, Mielniczuk P & Dombrowski SU (2016) Would You Be Happier If You Looked Better? A Focusing Illusion, Journal of Happiness Studies, 17 (1), pp. 357-365.
Abstract: Some people might believe that individuals who are more satisfied with their body are also happier. However, people tend to overrate the influence of some factors (e.g. money or health) on their happiness; a phenomenon termed the focusing illusion. Our aim was to examine the focusing illusion in relation to body satisfaction. We experimentally manipulated body satisfaction and life satisfaction focus by varying the order of relevant measurement scales. Volunteers (N = 97) completed two questionnaires placed in separate envelopes to control the order of scales administration. Participants either completed the Body Satisfaction Scale followed by the Satisfaction with Life Scale or vice versa. In line with the focusing illusion the association between body satisfaction and life satisfaction was significantly stronger when participants were asked about their body satisfaction first. Body satisfaction as a focusing illusion may need to be considered by scientist as well as lay people who try to look better and be happier.
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Rights: © The Author(s) 2014 This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and the source are credited.

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