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dc.contributor.authorPorter, Rosalynen_UK
dc.contributor.authorNorman, Rachelen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGilbert, Lucyen_UK
dc.description.abstractVector-borne diseases are of global importance to human and animal health. Empirical trials of effective methods to control vectors and their pathogens can be difficult for practical, financial and ethical reasons. Here, therefore, we use a mathematical model to predict the effectiveness of a vector-borne disease control method. As a case study, we use the tick-louping ill virus system, where sheep are treated with acaricide in an attempt to control ticks and disease in red grouse, an economically important game bird. we ran the model under different scenarios of sheep flock sizes, alternative host (deer) densities, acaricide efficacies and tick burdens. The model predicted that, with very low deer densities, using sheep as tick mops can reduce the tick population and virus prevalence. However, treatment is ineffective above a certain threshold deer density, dependent on the comparative tick burden on sheep and deer. The model also predicted that high efficacy levels of acaricide must be maintained for effective tick control. This study suggests that benignly managing one host species to protect another host species from a vector and pathogen can be effective under certain conditions. It also highlights the importance of understanding the ecological complexity of a system, in order to target control methods only under certain circumstances for maximum effectiveness.en_UK
dc.publisherSpringer Verlagen_UK
dc.relationPorter R, Norman R & Gilbert L (2011) Controlling tick-borne diseases through domestic animal management: a theoretical approach. Theoretical Ecology, 4 (3), pp. 321-339.
dc.rightsThis item is embargoed whilst it is awaiting official publication. Please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author; you can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study.; The original publication is available at; Published in Theoretical Ecology, available online 20 May 2010.
dc.subjectLouping ill virusen_UK
dc.subjectMathematical modelen_UK
dc.subjectSheep tick mopen_UK
dc.subjectTick borneen_UK
dc.subjectAnimal managementen_UK
dc.subjectTick-borne diseasesen_UK
dc.subjectTick controlen_UK
dc.subjectDomestic animalsen_UK
dc.titleControlling tick-borne diseases through domestic animal management: a theoretical approachen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[porter10rbp.pdf] Request a 2 year embargo whilst awaiting official publicationen_UK
dc.citation.jtitleTheoretical Ecologyen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Stirlingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMacaulay Land Use Research Instituteen_UK
Appears in Collections:Computing Science and Mathematics Journal Articles

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