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Appears in Collections:Faculty of Health Sciences and Sport Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Modelling the implications of reducing smoking prevalence: the benefits of increasing the UK tobacco duty escalator to public health and economic outcomes (Forthcoming/Available Online)
Author(s): Knuchel-Takano, Andre
Hunt, Daniel
Jaccard, Abbygail
Bhimjiyani, Arti
Brown, Martin
Retat, Lise
Brown, Katrina
Hinde, Sebastian
Selvarajah, Chit
Bauld, Linda
Webber, Laura
Issue Date: 6-Dec-2017
Citation: Knuchel-Takano A, Hunt D, Jaccard A, Bhimjiyani A, Brown M, Retat L, Brown K, Hinde S, Selvarajah C, Bauld L & Webber L (2017) Modelling the implications of reducing smoking prevalence: the benefits of increasing the UK tobacco duty escalator to public health and economic outcomes (Forthcoming/Available Online), Tobacco Control.
Abstract: Introduction  Taxing tobacco is one of the most effective ways to reduce smoking prevalence, mitigate its devastating consequential health harms and progress towards a tobacco-free society. This study modelled the health and economic impacts of increasing the existing cigarette tobacco duty escalator (TDE) in the UK from the current 2% above consumer price inflation to 5%.  Methods  A two-stage modelling process was used. First, a non-linear multivariate regression model was fitted to cross-sectional smoking data, creating longitudinal projections from 2015 to 2035. Second, these projections were used to predict the future incidence, prevalence and cost of 17 smoking-related diseases using a Monte Carlo microsimulation approach. A sustained increase in the duty escalator was evaluated against a baseline of continuing historical smoking trends and the existing duty escalator.  Results  A sustained increase in the TDE is projected to reduce adult smoking prevalence to 6% in 2035, from 10% in a baseline scenario. After increasing the TDE, only 65% of female and 60% of male would-be smokers would actually be smoking in 2035. The intervention is projected to avoid around 75 200 new cases of smoking-related diseases between 2015 and 2035. In 2035 alone, £49 m in National Health Service and social care costs and £192 m in societal premature mortality and morbidity costs are projected to be avoided.  Conclusion  Increasing the UK TDE to 5% above inflation could effectively reduce smoking prevalence, prevent diseases and avoid healthcare costs. It would deliver substantial progress towards a tobacco-free society and should be implemented by the UK Government with urgency.
DOI Link: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2017-053860
Rights: Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Published in Tobacco Control by BMJ Publishing. The original publication is available at:

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