|dc.contributor.author||Idrus, Durrishah bt||-|
|dc.description.abstract||The state has increasingly played a dominant role in the development of Malaysian
industrial relations. Earlier researchers have shown that since the beginning of the
relationship between employers and employees, economic considerations have been
significant, and especially so during the British colonial era. This has therefore been a consistently important factor that has influenced the role of the state. The British policy of bringing in immigrants of the Indian and Chinese origins into Malaya
created the plural society that was later further divided according to their economic
activities. The Malays, in comparison to the immigrants, partly because of the
'protection' policy of the British, and partly because of their culture, became the least educated and economically unadvanced.
This study looks into how the demarcation between ethnic groups has been used as one factor to determine the national development plans in Malaysia, which ultimately affected the development of industrial relations. The Malay-dominated government tried to ensure the Malays had a better place in the economy by introducing the National Economic Planning (1971-1990), originated after the l3th May 1969 race riot, and which legitimised the Malays/Bumiputeras 'special position' in the country.
This study suggests that the government has given a high priority on economic growth
as an instrument to achieve the status of a developed country, with the ultimate
objective being 'national unity'.
However, there were other non-economic factors, such as social and political
considerations, that influenced the role of the state in the Malaysian economy that
later dictated its role in industrial relations. The NEP was an affirmative action taken to correct the economic imbalance between the ethnic groups in Malaysia, especially between Malays and non-Malays, or later termed as Bumiputeras or non-Bumiputeras on the ground that they were the indigenous people, protected under the Malaysian Constitution. Other policies adopted by the government, including that of industrial relations, were developed to ensure that the objectives of NEP were met. Therefore, legislation, administration and other policies regarding the industrial relations were developed along this line. Meanwhile, as an employer to the public sector, the government ensured the sector played its role according to the bigger national agenda, the NEP. This continued during the National Development Planning (1991-2000), when it retained some of the NEP's objectives, but with new strategies that suggested Malaysia was ready to move on into another era that was barely based on ethnicity preference. However, the ethnic issue still persisted, and the social and political systems still influenced Malaysia in its quest to a fully developed and industrialised country by the year 2020 at the latest.
This study examined how Malaysia tried to move forward, but at the same time still
concerned with issues of the past. As long as this is the case, this study argues that
Malaysia will preserve its old industrial relations policies.||en|
|dc.publisher||University of Stirling||en|
|dc.subject.lcsh||Industrial relations Malaysia||en|
|dc.title||An examination of the contending factors shaping the role of the state in Malaysian industrial relations||en|
|dc.type||Thesis or Dissertation||en|
|dc.type.qualificationname||Doctor of Philosophy||en|
|dc.contributor.affiliation||Stirling Management School||-|
|dc.contributor.affiliation||Department of Management and Organization||-|
|Appears in Collections:||eTheses from Stirling Management School legacy departments|