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Appears in Collections:Economics Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Environmental management and operational performance in automotive companies in Brazil: The role of human resource management and lean manufacturing
Author(s): Jabbour, Charbel Jose Chiappetta
Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes de Sousa
Govindan, Kannan
Teixeira, Adriano Alves
Freitas, Wesley Ricardo de Souza
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Keywords: Environmental management
lean manufacturing
human resource management
operational performance
automotive sector
Issue Date: 2012
Citation: Jabbour CJC, Jabbour ABSdL, Govindan K, Teixeira AA & Freitas WRSd (2012) Environmental management and operational performance in automotive companies in Brazil: The role of human resource management and lean manufacturing, Journal of Cleaner Production, 47, pp. 129-140.
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to verify the influence of Environmental Management (EM) on Operational Performance (OP) in Brazilian automotive companies, analyzing whether Lean Manufacturing (LM) and Human Resources (HR) interfere in the greening of these companies. Therefore, a conceptual framework listing these concepts was proposed, and three research hypotheses were presented. A questionnaire was elaborated based on this theoretical background and sent to respondents occupying the highest positions in the production/operations areas of Brazilian automotive companies. The data, collected from 75 companies, were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The main results are as follows: (a) the model tested revealed an adequate goodness of fit, showing that overall, the relations proposed between EM and OP and between HR, LM and EM tend to be statistically valid; (b) EM tends to influence OP in a positive and statistically weak manner; (c) LM has a greater influence on EM when compared to the influence HR has over EM; (d) HR has a positive relationship over EM, but the statistical significance of this relationship is less than that of the other evaluated relationships. The originality of this paper lies in its gathering the concepts of EM, LM, HR and OP in a single study, as they generally tend not to be treated jointly. This paper also provided valid empirical evidence for a little-studied context: the Brazilian automotive sector.
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