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dc.contributor.authorSylvester, Grahamen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMann, Alanen_UK
dc.contributor.authorCook, Samanthaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWilson, Clareen_UK
dc.description.abstractSixty three soils samples, fourteen samples of previously excavated archaeological material, and five background soil samples taken at the Silchester Roman Town of Calleva Atrebatum in the County of Hampshire, United Kingdom were analysed by the Mobile Metal Ion (MMI) method for a total of fifty three elements. Samples from within the town walls showed considerably higher concentrations than samples outside for many elements; Au, Ag, Cu and Sn were in extremely anomalous concentrations, Bi, Cd, Hg, Mo, P and Pb were anomalous and Sb and Zn in elevated concentrations. The overall pattern of element distribution is one of an annulus of higher elemental concentrations surrounding a centre of generally lower values centred on the previously excavated Forum basilica. The elements Zr, Ti, Th, Ti, Tl, Nb, Sn, Sc, Cr, Co, Sb, Bi, Ce, Nd (and all other REEs), show similar distributions to one another, and their distribution and that of the noble and base metals, as highlighted by various additive indices, is considered to be the result of metallurgical processing on site. The low values for most elements around the Forum basilica are the result of disturbance of the soil geochemical profile in this area by previous archaeological excavation.en_UK
dc.publisherThe Geological Society of Londonen_UK
dc.relationSylvester G, Mann A, Cook S & Wilson C (2018) MMI partial extraction geochemistry for the resolution of anthropogenic activities across the archaeological Roman town of Calleva Atrebatum, Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 18 (1), pp. 58-74.
dc.rightsThis item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. Publisher policy allows this work to be made available in this repository. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis, 18, 2018 © Geological Society of London 2017en_UK
dc.subjectsoil geochemistryen_UK
dc.subjectarchaeological prospectionen_UK
dc.subjectpartial extractionen_UK
dc.subjectRoman metal extractionen_UK
dc.titleMMI partial extraction geochemistry for the resolution of anthropogenic activities across the archaeological Roman town of Calleva Atrebatumen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[CALLEVA PAPER - accepted version.pdf] : Publisher requires embargo of 12 months after formal publication.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleGeochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysisen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Western Australiaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationGeochemical Consultanten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Readingen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.description.refREF Compliant by Deposit in Stirling's Repositoryen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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