Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: Attractiveness is multimodal: beauty is also in the nose and ear of the beholder
Author(s): Groyecka, Agata
Pisanski, Katarzyna
Sorokowska, Agnieszka
Havlicek, Jan
Karwowski, Maciej
Puts, David A
Roberts, S Craig
Sorokowski, Piotr
Contact Email:
Keywords: physical attractiveness
multimodal perception
olfactory cues
acoustic cues
Issue Date: 18-May-2017
Citation: Groyecka A, Pisanski K, Sorokowska A, Havlicek J, Karwowski M, Puts DA, Roberts SC & Sorokowski P (2017) Attractiveness is multimodal: beauty is also in the nose and ear of the beholder, Frontiers in Psychology, 8, Art. No.: 778.
Abstract: Attractiveness plays a central role in human non-verbal communication and has been broadly examined in diverse subfields of contemporary psychology. Researchers have garnered compelling evidence in support of the evolutionary functions of physical attractiveness and its role in our daily lives, while at the same time, having largely ignored the significant contribution of non-visual modalities and the relationships among them. Acoustic and olfactory cues can, separately or in combination, strongly influence the perceived attractiveness of an individual and therefore attitudes and actions toward that person. Here, we discuss the relative importance of visual, auditory and olfactory traits in judgments of attractiveness, and review neural and behavioral studies that support the highly complex and multimodal nature of person perception. Further, we discuss three alternative evolutionary hypotheses aimed at explaining the function of multiple indices of attractiveness. In this review, we provide several lines of evidence supporting the importance of the voice, body odor, and facial and body appearance in the perception of attractiveness and mate preferences, and therefore the critical need to incorporate cross-modal perception and multisensory integration into future research on human physical attractiveness.
DOI Link:
Rights: © 2017 Groyecka, Pisanski, Sorokowska, Havlíček, Karwowski, Puts, Roberts and Sorokowski. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY). The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) or licensor are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in accordance with accepted academic practice. No use, distribution or reproduction is permitted which does not comply with these terms.

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
fpsyg-08-00778.pdf227.3 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is protected by original copyright

Items in the Repository are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

If you believe that any material held in STORRE infringes copyright, please contact providing details and we will remove the Work from public display in STORRE and investigate your claim.