|Appears in Collections:||Psychology Journal Articles|
|Peer Review Status:||Refereed|
|Title:||Does body image influence the relationship between body weight and breastfeeding maintenance in new mothers?|
|Citation:||Swanson V, Keely A & Denison F (2017) Does body image influence the relationship between body weight and breastfeeding maintenance in new mothers?, British Journal of Health Psychology, 22 (3), pp. 557-576.|
|Abstract:||Objectives Obese women have lower breastfeeding initiation and maintenance rates than healthy weight women. Research generally focuses on biomedical explanations for this. Psychosocial factors including body image and well-being after childbirth are less well understood as predictors of breastfeeding. In obese and healthy weight women, we investigated changes in body image between 72 hrs post-delivery and 6–8 weeks post-natal, studying how women's body image related to breastfeeding initiation and maintenance. We also investigated how psychological distress was related to body image. Design Longitudinal semi-structured questionnaire survey. Methods Body image and psychological distress were assessed within 72 hrs of birth and by postal questionnaire at 6–8 weeks, for 70 obese and 70 healthy weight women initiating exclusive (breastmilk only) breastfeeding or mixed feeding (with formula milk) in hospital. Breastfeeding was re-assessed at 6–8 weeks. Results Obese women were less likely to exclusively breastfeed in hospital and maintain breastfeeding to 6–8 weeks. Better body image was related to maintaining breastfeeding and to lower post-natal psychological distress for all women, but education level was the most significant predictor of maintenance in multivariate regression including body image and weight status. Body image mediated, but did not moderate the relationship between weight and breastfeeding maintenance. Body image was lower overall in obese women, but all women had low body image satisfaction around childbirth, reducing further at 6–8 weeks. Conclusions Health professionals should consider women's body image when discussing breastfeeding. A focus on breast function over form may support breastfeeding for all women.|
|Rights:||This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Swanson, V., Keely, A. and Denison, F. C. (2017), Does body image influence the relationship between body weight and breastfeeding maintenance in new mothers?. Br J Health Psychol, 22: 557–576, which has been published in final form at https://doi.org/10.1111/bjhp.12246. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.|
|Authors final version BJHP.16.0194_R2.pdf||1.36 MB||Adobe PDF||Under Embargo until 2018-05-27 Request a copy|
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