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dc.contributor.authorRuiz-Benito, Palomaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorRatcliffe, Sophiaen_UK
dc.contributor.authorZavala, Miguel Aen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMartínez‐Vilalta, Jordien_UK
dc.contributor.authorVilà-Cabrera, Alberten_UK
dc.contributor.authorLloret, Franciscoen_UK
dc.contributor.authorMadrigal‐González, Jaimeen_UK
dc.contributor.authorWirth, Christianen_UK
dc.contributor.authorGreenwood, Sarahen_UK
dc.contributor.authorKändler, Geralden_UK
dc.contributor.authorLehtonen, Aleksien_UK
dc.contributor.authorKattge, Jensen_UK
dc.contributor.authorDahlgren, Jonasen_UK
dc.contributor.authorJump, Alistair Sen_UK
dc.description.abstractIntense droughts combined with increased temperatures are one of the major threats to forest persistence in the 21st century. Despite the direct impact of climate change on forest growth and shifts in species abundance, the effect of altered demography on changes in the composition of functional traits is not well known. We sought to: (1) quantify the recent changes in functional composition of European forests; (2) identify the relative importance of climate change, mean climate and forest development for changes in functional composition; and (3) analyse the roles of tree mortality and growth underlying any functional changes in different forest types. We quantified changes in functional composition from the 1980s to the 2000s across Europe by two dimensions of functional trait variation: the first dimension was mainly related to changes in leaf mass per area and wood density (partially related to the trait differences between angiosperms and gymnosperms), and the second dimension related to changes in maximum tree height. Our results indicate that climate change and mean climatic effects strongly interacted with forest development and it was not possible to completely disentangle their effects. Where recent climate change was not too extreme, the patterns of functional change generally followed the expected patterns under secondary succession (e.g. towards late-successional short-statured hardwoods in Mediterranean forests and taller gymnosperms in boreal forests) and latitudinal gradients (e.g. larger proportion of gymnosperm-like strategies at low water availability in forests formerly dominated by broad-leaved deciduous species). Recent climate change generally favoured the dominance of angiosperm-like related traits under increased temperature and intense droughts. Our results show functional composition changes over relatively short time scales in European forests. These changes are largely determined by tree mortality, which should be further investigated and modelled to adequately predict the impacts of climate change on forest function.en_UK
dc.relationRuiz-Benito P, Ratcliffe S, Zavala MA, Martínez‐Vilalta J, Vilà-Cabrera A, Lloret F, Madrigal‐González J, Wirth C, Greenwood S, Kändler G, Lehtonen A, Kattge J, Dahlgren J & Jump AS (2017) Climate- and successional-related changes in functional composition of European forests are strongly driven by tree mortality. Global Change Biology, 23 (10), pp. 4162-4176.
dc.relationAssessing ecosystem recovery after extreme drought-related dieback eventsen_UK
dc.rightsThis item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Ruiz-Benito P, Ratcliffe S, Zavala MA, et al. Climate- and successional-related changes in functional composition of European forests are strongly driven by tree mortality. Glob Change Biol. 2017;23:4162–4176, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.en_UK
dc.subjectclimate changeen_UK
dc.subjectdemographic ratesen_UK
dc.subjectfunctional traitsen_UK
dc.subjectmixed modellingen_UK
dc.subjectnational forest inventoryen_UK
dc.subjectpiecewise structural equation modellingen_UK
dc.subjecttemperature anomalyen_UK
dc.subjecttree growthen_UK
dc.titleClimate- and successional-related changes in functional composition of European forests are strongly driven by tree mortalityen_UK
dc.typeJournal Articleen_UK
dc.rights.embargoreason[main_NFIvs_accepted_08apr17.pdf] : Publisher requires embargo of 12 months after formal publication.en_UK
dc.citation.jtitleGlobal Change Biologyen_UK
dc.type.statusAM - Accepted Manuscripten_UK
dc.contributor.funderNatural Environment Research Councilen_UK
dc.contributor.funderThe Leverhulme Trusten_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity Leipzigen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Alcalaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversitat Autonoma de Barcelonaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversitat Autonoma de Barcelonaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity of Alcalaen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationUniversity Leipzigen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationForest Research Institute of Baden-Wurttemberg (FISA)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationNatural Resources Institute Finland (Luke)en_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationMax Planck Institute of Biochemistryen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationSwedish University of Agricultural Sciencesen_UK
dc.contributor.affiliationBiological and Environmental Sciencesen_UK
dc.description.refREF Compliant by Deposit in Stirling's Repositoryen_UK
Appears in Collections:Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal Articles

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