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Appears in Collections:Psychology Journal Articles
Peer Review Status: Refereed
Title: The nursing work environment and quality of care: A cross-sectional study using the Essentials of Magnetism II Scale in England
Author(s): Oshodi, Titilayo O
Crockett, Rachel
Bruneau, Benjamin
West, Elizabeth
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Keywords: Autonomy
Essentials of Magnetism II scale
nursing care quality
nursing work environment
Issue Date: Sep-2017
Date Deposited: 27-Mar-2017
Citation: Oshodi T, Crockett R, Bruneau B & West E (2017) The nursing work environment and quality of care: A cross-sectional study using the Essentials of Magnetism II Scale in England. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 26 (17-18), pp. 2721-2734.
Abstract: Aims and objectives  To explore the structure of the Essentials of Magnetism II (EOMII) scale using data from nurses working in England; and to describe the impact of different aspects of the nursing work environment on nurse assessed care quality (NACQ).  Background  The EOMII Scale was developed in the United States to measure nursing work environments. It has been widely used in the United States and in a number of other countries, but has not yet been used in the United Kingdom.  Design  Cross-sectional study.  Methods  Registered nurses (n=247) providing direct patient care in two National Health Service hospitals in England completed the EOMII scale and a single-item measuring NACQ. Principal Components Analysis was used to assess the structure of the scale. Correlation and regression analyses were used to describe the relationships between factors and NACQ.  Results  A solution with explanatory variance of 45.25% was identified. Forty items loaded on five factors, with satisfactory consistency: i) ward manager support; ii)working as a team; iii)concern for patients; iv)organisational autonomy; and v)constraints on nursing practice. While in univariate analyses each of the factors was significantly associated with NACQ, in multivariate analyses, the relationship betweenorganisational autonomyand NACQ no longer reached significance. However, a multiple mediation model indicated that the effect oforganisational autonomyon NACQ was mediated bynurse manager support,working as a team, andconcern for patientsbut notconstraints on nursing practice.  Conclusions  Subscales of the EOMII identified in an English sample of nurses measured important aspects of the nursing work environment, each of which is related to NACQ.  Relevance to clinical practice  The EOMII could be a very useful tool for measuring aspects of the nursing work environment in the English Trusts particularly in relation to the quality of care.
DOI Link: 10.1111/jocn.13783
Rights: This item has been embargoed for a period. During the embargo please use the Request a Copy feature at the foot of the Repository record to request a copy directly from the author. You can only request a copy if you wish to use this work for your own research or private study. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Oshodi TO, Crockett R, Bruneau B, West E. The nursing work environment and quality of care: A cross‐sectional study using the Essentials of Magnetism II Scale in England. Journal of Clinical Nursing 2017;26:2721–2734, which has been published in final form at This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.

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